A4: Kalaamaya

AIATSIS code: 
A4
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kalaamaya

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Kalaamaya
Ethnologue name
Nyunga [Karlamay]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kalamaia
Thesaurus heading language
Kaalamaya language A4
Thesaurus heading (old)
Kalaamaya / Karlamay language (A4) (WA SH50-12)
Tindale (1974)
Ka'la:mai, Kalamaya, Kalamai (valid short form), Jungaa (means 'men'), Jungal, Yungar, Youngar, Youngal, Takalako (Njakinjaki term), Njindango, Natingero, Jawan (name for their northwestern hordes), Jaburu (means north), Yabro (poor spelling of Jaburu).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Takalako, Njindango, Natingero
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Kaprun, Karlamay, Nyunga, Galamaia, Jabururru, Jawan, Kalamaia, Kelamai, Natingero, Takalako, Watjanmay, Yabro, Galamai, Galamaya, Jaburu, Jungaa, Jungal, Kala:mai, Kaallarmaay, Kalamai, Kalamay, Kalamaya, Njindango, Youngal, Youngar, Yungar, Galamay
Comment
Comments: 
The classification of this language is uncertain. Douglas (1968:3) treats this as the eastern dialect of Nju?ar W41 while O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) list it as a first-order subgroup of Mirniny. Further, both Tindale and O'Grady et al. list Natingero A95 as an alternative name of Kalaamaya, but Natingero appears to refer to another language.
References: 
  • Douglas, Wilfrid H. 1968. The Aboriginal languages of south-west Australia: speech forms in current use and a technical description of Njungar: Australian Aboriginal Studies 14, Linguistic Series 4. Canberra: AIAS.
  • O'Grady, G. N., C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin. 1966. Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
... between Merredin and Kalgoorlie (Douglas 1968:3). At Boorabbin and Southern Cross; east to Bullabull-ing, north to Youanmi, Lake Barlee, and Pigeon Rocks; west to Burracoppin, Mukinbudin, Kalannie, and Lake Moore; south to about Mount Holland in the Parker Range (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Douglas, Wilfrid. 1976. The Aboriginal languages of the south-west of Australia, 2nd edn. Canberra: AIAS
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Carl von Brandenstein, Wilfrid Douglas, Janet Sharp
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Nyungar Nyunga [Karlamay] Nyunga [Former Nyungar languages: Tjapanmay, Karlamay, Pipelman (Pipalman), Ngatjumay, Kwetjman, Mirnong, Kaniyang Pindjarup, Whadjuk.]
Dixon (2002) WESTERN BIGHT GROUP Karlamay Karlamay
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West Karlamay
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Nyungar Karlamay
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Wadjari Galamay
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Nyungar Karlamay
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Mirniny Kalamai