A50: Nyiyaparli

AIATSIS Code: 
A50
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Nyiyaparli

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Palyku/Nyiyaparli
Horton Name
Palyku (Nyiyaparli)
Ethnologue name
Nijadali
ISO 639-3 code
nad
Tindale name
Niabali
Thesaurus heading
Nyiyaparli language (A50) (WA SF51-13)
Tindale (1974)
Njiabali (of western neighbors), Njijabali, Iabali, Janari (inlanders or newcomers, i.e., 'those who have come,' name given by western tribes), Jana.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
nija1242
Other sources
Njijapali, Nyiyapali [Dixon 2011:40$7367]
Synonyms
Palyku/Nyiyaparli
Njiyapali
Nijadali
Palyku
Bailgu
Binigura
Niabali
Paljgu
Iabali
Jana
Janari
Njiabadi
Njiabali
Njijabadi
Njijabali
Njijapali
Nyiyabali
Nyiyapali
Njiyabali
Comment
Language comment
The ABS does not make a distinction between Nyiyaparli and Palyku A55 and thus census data may combine information on both of these. Originally, von Brandenstein (1972) described Nyiyaparli as being the name of a language, and Palyku A55 as the name of the people who speak this language. Since then, many researchers have considered Nyiyaparli and Palyku to be very closely related languages or the same language. According to Dench (1998), 'all work to date suggests that Nyiyaparli and Palyku are different names for what is essentially the same language'. Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre was, as of 2008, conducting research to find out whether this is in fact the case. Their 2012 edition of the Nyiyaparli dictionary describes 'Palykutharri' (being the language of the Palyku) as a dialect of Nyiyaparli, along with Nankilakuthu A108, Martuyitha A109 (referred to as 'high' and 'low' dialects, respectively) and Ngulipartu A72, though the treatment of Ngulipartu and Palyku as dialects of Nyiyaparli is not widely reported among the sources. The dictionary contains details about these dialects including their locations. Tindale (1974) lists Jana as an alternative name of Niabali (A50). However, Oates (1975:373) says that, from von Brandenstein's 1967 map, Jana appears to be part of Bidungu A40, which Oates equates with Ngaia-wangga A30.
References

Dench, Alan. 1998. What is a Ngayarta language? A reply to O'Grady and Laughren. Australian Journal of Linguistics 18(1):91-107.Dixon, Sally. 2011. How to read and write Pilbara languages. South Hedland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.Sharp, Janet & Nicholas Thieberger. 1992. Bilybara: Aboriginal languages of the Pilbara region. Port Hedland: Wangka maya, The Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
von Brandenstein, Carl G. 1967. The language situation in the Pilbara - past and present. In Papers in Australian Linguistics 2, 1-20a, + 27 maps. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
von Brandenstein, Carl G. 1972. Narratives from the north-west of Western Australia in Njijapali, language of the Paljgu. MS 2435.
Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2008. Nyiyaparli dictionary 2008. South Hedland: Wangka Maya PALC.
Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2012. Nyiyaparli dictionary with English-Nyiyaparli wordlist and topic wordlists. South Hedland: Wangka Maya PALC.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
Headwaters of Oakover and Davis rivers above their junction; middle waters of the Fortescue River; northwest to Roy Hill; on Weedi Wolli Creek north of the Ophthalmia Range; east to Talawana (Tindale 1974). Contemporary location: Marble Bar, Port Hedland, Tom Price, Newman, Nullagine (Dixon 2011:40).
Maps
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Dench, Alan. 1995. Martuthunira, a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Sharp, Janet. 2004. Nyangumarta: a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
7
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Dictionary: 
Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2004. Nyiyaparli 2004 interim dictionary and finderlists. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2008. Nyiyaparli dictionary. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Carl von Brandenstein, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNijadaliNijadali
Dixon (2002)GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUPPilbara/Ngayarta areal groupNjiyapaliPalyku (or Mangguldulkara or Paljarri)/Njiyapali
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNyiyabali
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestWati/Western DesertNyiyabali
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWestern Desert ProperWatiNjiyabali, Jana
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)