A53: BANYJIMA

AIATSIS code: 
A53
AIATSIS reference name: 
BANYJIMA

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Name
ABN name
Banyjima language
ABS name
Banyjima
Horton name
Banjima
Ethnologue name
Panytyima
ISO 639-3 code
pnw
Tindale name
Pandjima
Thesaurus heading language
Banyjima language A53
Thesaurus heading (old)
Banjima language (A53) (WA SF50-11)
Tindale (1974)
Mandanjongo (top people; applied by Njamal to plateau dwellers including the Pandjima and Indjibandi), Bandjima (as pronounced by western tribespeople), Panjima, Pand'ima.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Panjima
Glottocode
pany1241
Other sources
Banyjima [Wangka Maya] Panyjima [<ozbib>Dench 1991$1458</ozbib>] Bunjima, Bundgima [<ozbib>WMPALC 2010$7238</ozbib>] Paanjima [<ozbib>Dixon 2011:33$7367</ozbib>]
Synonyms
Banyjima, Panyjima, Panjtjima, Panytyima, Banjima, Bandjima, Mandanjongo, Papupadu, BanjimaBanyjima, Mandara, Paanjima, Pandima, Pandjima, Panjima, PanyjimaBanydyima
Comment
Comments: 
According to Dench (1991:126), speakers recognise two named dialects of Panyjima (A53): Pantikura A76 and Mijaranypa A77. Dench also notes the differing dialect names reported in O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966), Rtukurr and Milyaranpa. He explains that Milyaranpa is most likely Mijaranypa and that Rtukurr is possibly the word for 'straight' or 'correct', thukurrpa, a term which is often applied to a particular language variety or speech style.
References: 
  • Dench, Alan. 1991. Panyjima. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 4, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 124-243. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • O'Grady, G. N., C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin. 1966. Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2).
  • Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country: Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2010. Banyjima topical wordlist with accompanying audio and illustrations. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 

... originally spoken in the tablelands of the Hamersley Range... today most of the speakers of the language live in the coastal town of Onslow. Others live in Roebourne and other Pilbara towns, and on a number of pastoral leases in the area (Dench 1991:125). Upper plateau of the Hamersley Range south of the Fortescue River; east to Weediwolli Creek near Marillana; south to near Rocklea, on the upper branches of Turee Creek east to the Kunderong Range (Tindale 1974). Bandjima should be east of Kurrama, Wittenoom and Tom Price (Palmer in Sutton 1995:99). Banyjima country includes the territory from the upper plateau of the Hammersley Range south of the Fortescue River; east to Weeliwolli Creek near Marillana; south to Rocklea, on the upper branches of Turee Creek east to the Kunderong Range (Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre 2010: Introduction). Contemporary location: Speakers live in Tom Price, Port Hedland, Onslow and Roebourne (Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre 2010: Introduction).

Maps: 
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Dench, Alan. 1995. Martuthunira, a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Douglas, Wilfrid. 1976. The Aboriginal languages of the south-west of Australia, 2nd edn. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2001. Kariyarra wordlists & sketch grammar. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Carl von Brandenstein, Alan Dench, Geoff O'Grady, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates100
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt50
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS50
2005Estimate50
2006Census100
2011Census87
2016Census104

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Dench, Alan. 1991. Panyjima. In The handbook of Australian languages, vol. 4, eds RMW Dixon and B Blake. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Dictionary: 

Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2001. Banyjima wordlist. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. Dench, Alan. Panyjima, ASEDA 0375. Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2010. Banyjima topical wordlist with accompanying audio and illustrations. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. (With accompanying audio CD.)

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Inland Ngayarda Panytyima Panytyima [dialects: Related to Yinawongga, Ngarlawangga, Ngarla, Tjurruru, which may be extinct, and Nyamal.]
Dixon (2002)   GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUP Pilbara/Ngayarta areal group Panyjima (Panjtjima) Panyjima (Panjtjima) Dench (1991) dialects: Pantikura, Mitjaranjpa; and Yinhawangka (may be a separate language)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Panytyima  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Inland Ngayarda Panytyima  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Inland Ngayarda Bandjima  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Ngayarda Pandjima  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Ngayarda Pandjima