A61: NYANGUMARTA

AIATSIS Code: 
A61
AIATSIS Reference name: 
NYANGUMARTA

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Nyangumarta language (Previously Nyangahyatjarra language)
ABS Name
Nyangumarta
Horton Name
Nyangumarda
Ethnologue name
Nyangumarta
ISO 639-3 code
nna
Tindale name
Njangamarda
Thesaurus heading
-
Tindale (1974)
I:baruga, Ibarga, Ibargo, Ibarrga, Iparuka (name used by southern hordes), Iparuka (of coastal tribespeople for southern hordes), Kularupulu (name applied jointly to coastal Njangamarda and Karad-jari), Kundal (a name for coastal Njangamarda of the north), Kundal and Waljuli Njangamarda (southern inlanders names for northern coastal Njangamarda), Nangamada, Nangam-urda, Nangumarda, Ngapakarna (another southern Njangamarda name for themselves), Ngapakoreilitja (northern name for southern Njangamarda 'southern waters people'), Ngardungardu (term used by northern Njangamarda in contrast to the Nanudu [Nganudu] or 'southern people'), Njadamarda (typographical error), Njangamada, Njangomada, Njangomada (cerebral d fide Petri), Njangumada, Njangumarda, Njanja-marta, Nyangamada, Nyangumada, Nyangumata, Warmala (general derogatory term applied by northern Njangamarda to southern people)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Njangamada, Nyangamada, Nangamada, Nangamurda
Glottocode
nyan1301
Other sources
Njangumarda (Capell 1940), Nangumarda, Nyangumada, Nyangumarda (O'Grady), Ibarga/Ibarrga/Ibargo, I:baruga, Ngapakarna (a southern Njangamarda name for themselves), Iparuka (name used by southern houdes), Kundal (name for coastal Njangumarda of the north), Nangamada, Nangumada, Nangumurdu, Ngolibardu, Ngulipartu, Nungoo'murdoo, Nya'umada, Nyangumarda, and Nyangumurtu (McKelson 1989) [Sharp 2004:2$5170] Nyangumata (O'Grady 1964) [Wangka Maya PALC 2008$7240]
Synonyms
Nyangumarta
Njangumarta
Nyangumarda
Iparuka
Kundal
Ngolibardu
Ngurlipartu
Walyirli
Wanyarli
I:baruga
Ibarga
Ibargo
Ibarrga
Kularupulu
Nangamada
Nangamurda
Nangumada
Nangumarda
Nangumurdu
Ngapakarna
Ngapakoreilitja
Ngardungardu
Ngulipartu
Njadamarda
Njangamada
Njangamarda
Njangomada
Njangumada
Njangumarda
Njanjamarta
NungooMurdoo
Nyaumada
Nyangamada
Nyangumada
Nyangumata
Tjilakurukuru
Waljuli Njangamarda
Warmala
Ibarga/Ibarrga/Ibargo
Nungoomurdoo
Nyangumurtu
Nangam urda
Njanja marta
Comment
Language comment
Sharp's (2004:4) informants identify four Nyangumarta dialects: Ngurlipartu A72 to the south, Pijikala A104 to the north near Lake Waukarlykarly, Kuntal A98 and Walyirli A73, the dialect spoken at Yandeyarra and the Twelve Mile Reserve on the outskirts of Port Hedland, where it is also referred to as 'coastal' by some people. From a linguistic perspective, though, Sharp recognises only two distinct types of Nyangumarta, Ngurlipartu A72 and Walyirli A73, which she refers to as northern coastal Nyangumarta and southern inland Nyangumarta respectively. Geytenbeek says that O'Grady's (1964) 'Wanyarli' (one of two dialects of Nyangumarta, along with Ngurlipartu) was probably meant to be 'Walyirli' A73 (Wangka Maya PALC 2008). Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre (2011) has produced a Nyangumarta dictionary on CD, a searchable vocabulary with sound recordings for 50 entries and accompanying illustrative sentences.
References

Dixon, Sally. 2011. How to read and write Pilbara languages. South Hedland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Geytenbeek, Brian. 2011. Nyangumarta sound and picture dictionary 2011. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
O’Grady, Geoffrey. 1964. Nyangumata grammar (Oceania Linguistic Monographs 9). Sydney: University of Sydney (PhD dissertation, Indiana University, 1963).
Sharp, Janet. 2004. Nyangumarta: a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics 556. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 429 pp.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2008. Nyangumarta dictionary 2008. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
Traditional: an area that stretched from south and east of lake Waukarlykarly (towards Telfer) northwards to a long string of claypans that lie east of Sandfire, and which reach over 120 km into the Great Sandy Desert. Many of the northern Nyangumarta people occupied the Eighty Mile Beach area (Sharp 2004:4). In early historical time the Iparuka Njangamarda usurped the territory of the Ngolibardu tribe around Thros-sell Range. Including this, their territory extends from Rudall River northeast to ['Karbardi] near Swindell Field east of ['Tjandalkuru], (Tindalgoo on maps), thence west to near the eastern border of Warrawagine Station. The Kundal Njangamarda go from this line northwest to ['Man-da] (Munda Well on Munro Station) and west to Anna Plains Station, just south of Cape Missiessy, where ['Jawinja], situated beside the present Station homestead, was their northernmost water. Their southwestern boundary lay along the edge of the tableland north of de Grey and Oakover rivers to ['Jalalo] (Ulalling Hills on maps) (Tindale 1974). Great Sandy Desert, around Lake Waukarlykarly (near Telfer), and through Sandfire to Eighty Mile Beach along the Pilbara coast. (Geytenbeek 2011). Contemporary location: northern Pilbara and southern Kimberley areas. The area extends to La Grange (Bidyadanga) and Broome and south-west to Port Hedland Also Marble Bar (Sharp 2004:12). Bidyadanga, Port Hedland, Marble Bar, Yandeyarra, Strelley, Warralong, Woodstock (Dixon 2011:31).
Maps
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Sharp, Janet. 2004. Nyangumarta: a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Catalogue
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
1000 - 700 - 800 263 245 1000? 250 312
Speaker NILS table
7 6 7.5 8
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
5
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
O'Grady, Geoffrey N. 1964. Nyangumata grammar. Oceania Linguistic Monographs no. 9. Sydney: University of Sydney. Sharp, Janet. 2004. Nyangumarta: a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Pacific Linguistics 556. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Dictionary: 
McKelson, Kevin. 1989. Topical vocabulary in Northern Nyangumarta. Broome, WA: Aboriginal Studies Dept. Nulungu Catholic College. Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2008. Nyangumarta dictionary 2008. South Hedland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. Geytenbeek, Brian. 2011. Nyangumarta sound and picture dictionary 2011. South Hedland: Wangka Maya PALC.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Brown Geytenbeek, Janet Sharp, Geoff O’Grady, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Marngu Nyangumarta  
Dixon (2002)   MANGUNJ AREAL GROUP Marrngu subgroup* Njangumarta Njangumarta Sharp (1998)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Nyangumarda  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Marngu Nyangumarda  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Western Desert Proper Marngu Njangumarda  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Marngu Nyangumarda  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Marngu Nyangumarda