A64: Karajarri

AIATSIS Code: 
A64
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Karajarri

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Karajarri language (Previously Garadyari language)
ABS Name
Karajarri
Horton Name
Karajarri
Ethnologue name
Karadjeri
ISO 639-3 code
gbd
Tindale name
Karadjari
Thesaurus heading
-
Tindale (1974)
Garadjari, Karadjeri, Garadjeri, Karadhari, Garad-'are, Garadjara, Laradjeri (misprint), Naudu (inland section of tribe), Nadja (coastal section), Nadjanadja, Kularupulu (name applied by inland Njangamarda to both coastal Njangamarda and Karadjari), Nawudu (Jawuru and Njik-ena name), Nawurungainj (name given by Njangamarda and Mangala), Minala (['minal] = east; term applied to inland hordes).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Garadjeri, Karadhari
Glottocode
kara1476
Other sources
Garadyaria, Karatyarri, Karrajarra [Dixon 2011:29$7367]
Synonyms
Karatjarri
Karadjeri
Garadjari
Karadjari
Garadare
Garadjara
Garadjeri
Garadyari
Garadyaria
Gardare
Karadhari
Karrajarra
Murgud
Nawurtu
Ngangu
Karatyarri
Kularupulu
Laradjeri
Minala
Nadja
Nadjanadja
Nangu
Naudu
Naurdu
Nawudu
Nawurungainj
Ngawadu
Garad are
Comment
Language comment
According to the Kimberley Handbook, there are three dialects of Karajarri: Najanaja A106 or Murrkurt (Murgud) A106 from the coast; Nawurtu (Naurdu) A107 from the inland; and Nangu A105 (sometimes mistakenly spelled Ngangu) from the middle, between the inland and the coastal dialects. McGregor (1988:146) says that Oates lists a fourth dialect, Ngawudu, but that this is almost certainly a mishearing of Nawurtu A107. McGregor (2004:9) says that owners of the Nangu A105, Najanaja A106 and Nawurtu A107 language varieties regard them as types of Karajarri and use both the general and more specific terms in reference to their language. Previously the Thesaurus linked both Karajarri and Kurajarra A85 to the code A64. As they appear to be distinct, the Thesaurus now has a separate heading for Kurajarra with the AUSTLANG code A85.
References

Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Dixon, Sally. 2011. How to read and write Pilbara languages. South Hedland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
McGregor, William. 1988. Handbook of Kimberley languages, vol. 1: General information: Pacific Linguistics C-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
McGregor, William. 2004. The languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. New York: RoutledgeCurzon.
McKelson, Kevin. 1989. Studies in Karajarri. (MS 2688).
McKelson, Kevin. Studies in Garadyari. (PMS 1125).
McGregor, William. 2004. The languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. New York: RoutledgeCurzon.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
From Cape Villaret at the south point of Roebuck Bay southwest to Manari, a native meeting place 10 miles (16 km.) north of Anna Plains Station (Jawinja); inland about 70 miles (110 km.). Lendjarkading, a known water on D. Munro's Station block, Redjarth (two days walk farther inland), Undurmadatj, and Mount Phire, n.n. ['Paijara], are at limits of the tribal area (Tindale 1974). Contemporary location: Bidyadanga, Broome (Dixon 2011:29)
Maps
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • McGregor, William. 1988. Handbook of Kimberley languages, vol. 1: general information. Pacific Linguistics C-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Sharp, Janet. 2004. Nyangumarta: a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Catalogue
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
10
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Sands, Anna Kristina. 1989. A grammar of Garadjari, Western Australia, Australian National University: BA (Hons). Johnson, Edward
McKelson, Fr Kevin R. Karajarri Wordlist, ASEDA 0069.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gerhardt Laves, Fr Kevin McKelson, Anna Sands, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestMarnguKaradjeri
Dixon (2002)MANGUNJ AREAL GROUPMarrngu subgroup*KaratjarriKaratjarri
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestGaradyari
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestMarnguGaradyari
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWestern Desert ProperMarnguGaradjari
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)MarnguKaradjeri (Garadjari)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestMarnguKaradjeri