A71: Nhugarn

AIATSIS code: 
A71
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nhugarn

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
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Comment
Comments: 
The Bundiyarra Aboriginal Community Aboriginal Corporation web site lists Nhugarn among 'some of' the Wajarri A39 dialects, the others being Birdungu A40, Nharnu A115, Byro A113, Mileura A114 and Ngunuru A112. See record for Wajarri A39 for more information about dialects. It is likely that Nhugarn, Nugan and Nokaan (treated separately in this database as W52) are variant spellings of the same name. The location given for Nhugarn (A71) by Marmion (1996) largely matches that described for Nokaan W52 in Tindale (1974). Von Brandenstein (PMS 2124) says that Nugan is an alternative name for Taakurda W15. Though Nhugarn is identified as a dialect of Wajarri A39 in Marmion (1996), Marmion (2007 p.c.) notes that there is little language data available and its identity with respect to Daguda W15 is uncertain. The name Wiludjanu, meaning 'western talk', is reported by Tindale (1974) as the Wajarri / Wadjarri A39 name for the language spoken by the Nokaan W52 people. Nhugarn, Nugan and Nokaan are grouped under the same heading (A71) in the Thesaurus. Marmion (2015 p.c.) suggests that the name Byro Wajarri A113, as listed on the Bundiyarra Aboriginal Community Aboriginal Corporation web site, is probably equivalent to Nhugarn, noting that in more recent times Wajarri varieties have been referred to by station names in the area, such as Byro station and Mileura station, leading to some names existing in parallel with older names. Documentation for Daguda W15 and Wajarri A39 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1974. Taruru: Aboriginal song poetry from the Pilbara. Adelaide: Rigby. (L 060.081/1)
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1966. Interim report (1) [to A.I.A.S.] on field work NW-WA 6.6.1966-30.6.1966. (PMS 2124)
  • Marmion, Doug. 1996. A description of the morphology of Wajarri, University of New England: BA (Hons). (MS 4096).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 

... in the area around the Wooramel river and in particular on Curbur and Byro Stations (Marmion 1996:6).

Maps: 
  • Marmion, Doug. 1996. A description of the morphology of Wajarri, University of New England: BA (Hons)
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   MOORE RIVER TO GASCOYNE RIVER GROUP Watjarri/Parti-maya subgroup* Nhugarn Watjarri Douglas (1981), Marmion (1996) further dialects: Birdungu, Nhugarn; and possibly Ngarluwangka (or may be separate language)
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975)          
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)