A9: Mirning

AIATSIS Code: 
A9
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Mirning

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Mirning
Horton Name
Mirning
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Mirning
Thesaurus heading
Mirning language (A9) (WA SH52-14)
Tindale (1974)
Mining (valid alternative pronunciation), Meening, Minninng, Mininj [sic], Ngandatha (valid alternative), Ngandada, Wanbiri (basic meaning = 'sea coast'), Warna-birrie, Wonbil also Wonburi (Kokata names for the Jirkala-mirning), Wonunda-meening (['wonunda], basic meaning 'low country,' hence the name aptly applies to the section of the tribe living around Eyre and south of the Hampton cliff scarp), Wonunda-minung, Warnabinnie, Wanmaraing (MS), Jirkala-Mining (['jirkala] = buck bush, an indirect reference to those who live on the cliff top and open plateau. Williams (p. 40) has another explanation for the name), Yirkla, Yirkala-Mining, Yerkla-mining, East Meening (term coined by P. W. Schmidt; for West Mining, see Ngad-junmaia), East Mining, Ikala, Ikula, Ngadjudjara and Ngadjuwonga (hearsay names applied by Jangkundjara), Ngadjadjara, Julbari (means 'south,' term applied by tribes to north), Julbara, Ba:duk ('circumcised' also can mean 'ignorant' because they had not received all the rites accompanying subincision to which they had been introduced only recently.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Mirnin, Mining, Meening, Wanbiri, Warnabirrie, Warnabinnie, Wanmaraing, Yirkla, Ikala, Ikula
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Mirningj [von Brandenstein 1980$733]
Synonyms
Meening
Mining
Minninng
Mirniny
Ba:duk
Baaduk
Bardok
East Meening
East Mining
Eucla
Ikala
Ikula
Jirkala Mining
Jirkla mirning
Julbara
Julbari
Jurgala
Jurgula
Minal njunga
Mininj
Minnal yungar
Minning
Mirin
Mirningj
Murram
Ngadjadjara
Ngadjudjara
Ngadjuwonga
Ngandada
Ngandatha
Wanbiri
Wanmaraing
Warnabinnie
Warnabirri
Warnabirrie
Wonbil
Wonburi
Wonunda meening
Wonunda minung
Wonunda Mirning
Yerkla Mining
Yircla
Yirkala Mining
Yirkla
Yirkla Mining
"Yurgala
Mirnin
Mirninj
Warna birrie
Wonbil also Wonburi
Jirkala Mining has another explanation for the name
Yerkla mining
Comment
Language comment
Another spelling of this language name, Mirniny, reflects the sound recorded on an audio tape, and thus some linguists prefer it. However, here Mirning is selected as a reference name as it has been widely used, including in a native title claim. The Mirniny spelling is often used to refer to a group of languages including Mirning, Kalaako A2 and Ngatjumaya A3. Von Brandenstein (1980:2) identifies Mirning as one of six language varieties in the Dundas District area (the others being Marlba A110, Fraser Range A74, Norseman A99, Windaga A111 and Kallaagu A2), commenting that 'it will be difficult to extract the different components of the Dundas District languages ... from the mixed language now called Ngadju A3 which is still spoken...' O’Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966), on the other hand, consider Karlaku A2 and Mirning to be the same language ('West Mirning' and 'East Mirning', respectively). Further, Tindale (1974) lists Minning (A9) and West Mining/Meening (among others) as alternative names for Ngadjunmaia A3.
References

Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1980. Ngadjumaja: an Aboriginal language of south-east Western Australia. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissen-schaft der Universität Innsbruck.
Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1970. Report [to A.I.A.S.] on field work conducted July/August 1970 as part of the 1969/1970 project Western Desert fringe study. (PMS 2140).
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
O'Grady, Geoffrey N. 1959-68. [Language field notes]. (MS 4389)
O’Grady, G. N., C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin. 1966. Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2).
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
From east of Port Culver to White Well, So. Aust., at head of Great Australian Bight; inland normally only to edge of the treeless karst plateau of the Nullarbor Plain, but after big rains they ventured far inland to the inner edge of the open country (Tindale 1974) (This covers a larger area (to the West) compared to von Brandenstein's location quoted by Oates 1975).
Maps
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Douglas, Wilfrid. 1976. The Aboriginal languages of the south-west of Australia, 2nd edn. Canberra: AIAS
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
4
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Velichova-Rebelos, Margareta. 2005. Draft: word list of the Mirning (Mirniny) language: extracted from notes by Geoff O'Grady & Alix O'Grady 1959/1968. Adelaide: Discipline of Linguistics, School of Humanities, University of Adelaide.
Dictionary: 
Velichova-Rebelos, Margareta. 2005. Draft: word list of the Mirning (Mirniny) language: extracted from notes by Geoff O'Grady & Alix O'Grady 1959/1968. Adelaide: Discipline of Linguistics, School of Humanities, University of Adelaide.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Luise Hercus, David Nash, Geoffrey O’Grady, Hale & O'Grady
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)WESTERN BIGHT GROUPMirningMirning
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestMirning
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestMirningMirning
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)Mirninj (Ngadju)Mirninj
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)MirninyMirniny (Mirning)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestMirninyMirning