C10: Pintupi

AIATSIS Code: 
C10
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Pintupi

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Pintupi language
ABS Name
Pintupi
Horton Name
Pintupi
Ethnologue name
Pintupi-Luritja
ISO 639-3 code
piu
Tindale name
Pintubi, Ildawongga
Thesaurus heading
Pintupi language (C10) (NT SF52-11)
Tindale (1974)
Pi:ntubi (valid variant), Pintupi, Bindubi, Pintunala, Pintubu (pronunciation used by Walpiri), Pindu (form of name used in discussing their language), Pindubu, Bindubu, Bindooboo, Bindiboo (uninformed anglicization used at Yuendumu after 1945), Bindibu, Bindaboo, Wankawinan (name applied by Pitjandjara to the Wenamba and western hordes of Pintubi), Pintudjara (name used by Ngadadjara), Kalgonei (name given to Wenamba and Pintubi language speakers by Ngadadjara), Wiluraratja ('westerners,' name applied by Ngalia), Pintubu, Puntubu (Ngalia pronunciations); Pintubidjara, Pintudjara, Pintularapi, Pintubitjara, and 'Wanka'winan (names given by Ngadadjara), 'Wan-ka'winan (name given by Pitjandjara to western Pintubi), Bindiboo (a journalist's version), Kalgonei (derogatory language ascribed to them by Ngadadjara), Kalguni, Kalgo-neidjara, Teitudjara (name ascribed to them by a Nangatara man, also by a Kokatja of Gregory Salt Sea area), Matju:na-latara (name used by Ngadadjara of Rawlinson Ranges), Wenamba (western hordes here considered as a separate tribe in Western Australia list), Panika (class term, properly Panaka, erroneously quoted as a tribal name by Simmons et al., 1957) for Pintubi. Ilda, Ilta, Manggawara (of Ngadadjara-so-called from their style of hairdressing), Wananwanari (a lone native who arrived at Yuendumu from west of Lake Mackay in 1950 was called this by Pintubi men), Maiidjara (of a Kokatja man), Maiadjara for Ildawongga.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Bindibu, Pintupi, Bindabu
Glottocode
pint1250
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Pintupi Luritja
Bindubi
Ildawonga
Wenamba
Bindaboo
Bindabu
Bindiboo
Bindibu
Bindooboo
Bindubu
Kalgonei
Kalgoneidjara
Kalguni
Loritja
Luridja
Luritja
Matjunalatara
Panika
Pi:ntubi
Pindu
Pindubu
Pintubi
Pintubidjara
Pintubitjara
Pintubu
Pintudjara
Pintularapi
Pintunala
Puntubu
Teitudjara
Wankawinan
Wenaba
Wiluraratja
Ildawongga
Puntubu; Pintubidjara
Wan kawinan
Kalgo neidjara
Matju:na latara
Panika for Pintubi
Ilda
Ilta
Manggawara
Wananwanari
Maiidjara
Maiadjara for Ildawongga
Comment
Language comment
Pintupi and Luritja C7.1 are two similar but overlapping dialects of the Western Desert language group (Hansen, 2011:vii). The dialects which make up the Western Desert Language group can be divided into western and eastern groups on the basis of grammatical features and vocabularies. Pintupi-Luritja combines some of the dialect features of the eastern and western groups and is influenced by close contact with Western Arrernte C47 and Warlpiri C15 (Heffernan & Heffernan, 1999:2-3). Pintupi lived with Mayutjarra and other language groups at Haasts Bluff and later Papunya in the early 20th century. The term Luritja C10 once referred to the Pintupi and Mayutjarra families who settled in those places in the 1930's. Pintupi referred to people at Papunya who settled there between 1956-1962, and the children of people who moved to Haasts Bluff in this period call themselves Luritja (Hansen & Hansen, 1975:23). The language spoken by them is influenced by Mayutjarra and surrounding languages, and is called the Luritja dialect. Hansen and Hansen report that some people prefer the term Luritja, with connotations of higher social status (1975:23). Tindale (1974) describes 'Ildawongga' located in country generally identified as the Pintupi-speaking. According to Doug Marmion, Ildawonga is likely to be a misunderstanding by Tindale of the common Pintupi phrase 'yilta wangka', meaning 'true/correct speech'. See also Kukatja C7.
References

Hansen KC & LE Hansen. 1975. The Core of Pintupi Grammar. Alice Springs: Institute for Aboriginal Development.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Walsh, Michael. 1981. Maps of Australia and Tasmania. In Language atlas of the Pacific area Pt 1, eds S. A. Wurm and Shirô Hattori. Canberra: Australian Academy of the Humanities.
Wurm, Stephen. 1994. Australian classification. In Atlas of the world’s languages, eds C. Moseley and R. E. Asher, 114-118. New York: Routledge.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Pintubi: Lake Mackay, Lake Macdonald, Mount Russell, Ehrenberg Range, Kintore Range, Warman Rocks; west to near Winbaruku; south to about Johnstone Hill. Much of their country is still untraversed by us (Tindale 1974). Ildawaongga: West of Lake Mackay to about Longitude 126°E; north toward a native place named Manggai which is tentatively identified as in the Stansmore Range. Manjil-djara say their country begins at Ngila, an unidentified place several days walk east of Liburu (Libral on maps, Canning Stock Route Well 37). South to about 23°30'S latitude (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973Senate 1984Schmidt 1990Census 1996Census 2001NILS 20042005 estimateCensus 2006
300800 (with Luritja)incl. with Pitjantjatjara380591--600203
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
10
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLarge (more than 200 pages)4
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Heffernan, John. 1996. A learner's guide to Pintupi-Luritja, Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Dictionary: 
Hansen, Kenneth and Hansen, Lesley. 1992. Pintupi/Luritja dictionary (3rd edition). Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Programs
Activities: 
Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association made recordings in 80's.
People: 
Ken Hansen, John Heffernan, Lesley Hansen
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestWatiPintupi-Luritja
Dixon (2002)PintupiThe Western Desert language. dialects: (a) Warnman, (b) Yulparitja, (c) Manjtjiltjara (or Martu Wangka), (d) Kartutjarra, (e) Kukatja, (f) Pintupi, (g) Luritja, (h) Ngaatjatjarr, (i) Ngaanjatjarra, G) Wangkatha, (k) Wangatja, (l) Ngaliya, (m) Pitjantjatjarra, (n) Yankuntjatjarra, (o) Kukarta
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestPintupi, Ildawongga
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestWati/Western DesertPintupi (Bindubi), Ildawongga
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWestern Desert ProperWatiBindubi (Pintupi)
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)Western Desert LanguagePintubi
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestWatiPintubi