C15: WARLPIRI

AIATSIS Code: 
C15
AIATSIS Reference name: 
WARLPIRI

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Warlpiri language
ABS Name
Warlpiri
Horton Name
Warlpiri
Ethnologue name
Warlpiri
ISO 639-3 code
wbp
Tindale name
Walpiri
Thesaurus heading
Warlpiri language (C15) (NT SF52-04)
Tindale (1974)
Albura (Jangkundjara name since contact made), Alpira (Iliaura name), Alpiri (eastern pronunciation), Elpira, Ilpara (Aranda name), Ilpir(r)a, Ilpira (chiefly Anmatjera and Aranda term), Ilpirra, Nam-bulatji (Ngalia name), Njambalatji (name given by Djaru tribe), Ulperra, Wailbri (post-1945 European school taught form),Walbiri, Walbrai, Wal-bri, Waljbiri, Waljpiri, Walmala (general term), Walmanba, Walpari, Wanaeka (name given by Ngardi also Djaru), Wanajaga., Wanajaka (Djaru name), Wanajeka, Waneiga, Waringari (implication of cannibalism; name given by other tribes), Warrabri, Wolperi, Wolpirra
O'Grady et al (1966)
Walpari, Waibry, Wailbri, Wolperi, Wolpirra, Ilpira, Ilpirra, Ilpara, Elpira
Glottocode
warl1254
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Warlpiri
Lander Warlpiri
Ngalia
Walbiri
Walmalla
Walpiri
Waneiga
Warlmala
Walpiri; Albura
Alpira
Alpiri
Elpira
Ilpara
Ilpira
Ilpirra
Nambulatji
Njambalatji
Ulperra
Wailbri
Walbrai
Walbri
Waljbiri
Waljpiri
Walpari
Warrabri
Wolperi
Wolpirra
Walbiri; Elpira
Waibry
Nambutj
Nambutju
Warlpiri; Nambutj
Waibri
Warlpiri; Walbiri
Albura
Boonara
Bunara
Buruwatung
Ipara
Jalpiri
Kolo
Kukuruba
Manggai
Munga
Nambuda
Nanbuda
Ngadi
Ngali
Ngaliya
Ngallea
Ngallia
Ngardi
Ngari
Ngarilia
Ngarliya; Warrmarla; Warnayaka; Ngardilypa; Warlpiri
Yarlpiri
Njalia
Ooldean
Panara
Puruwantung
Waiangadi
Waiangara
Waingara
& Wakirti Warlpiri
Walmala
Walmanba
Wanaeka
Wanajaga
Wanajaka
Wanajeka
Wanayaga
Warangari
Waringari
Warniaka
Warramulla
Wawilja
Wommana
Woneiga
Nam bulatji
Wal bri
Comment
Language comment
There appear to be several dialects of Warlpiri but it is not clear exactly how many. Laughren et al (1996) identifie seven major dialects of Warlpiri: western Warlpiri, sometimes called Warrmarla C42; north-western Warlpiri called Ngardilypa C38; south-western Warlpiri called Wawulya C39; central-northern Warlpiri called Warnayaka C40; southern Warlpiri referred to as Ngaliya C43; Lander River Warlpiri, sometimes called Yarlpiri C41 as well as Warlpiri; and the most eastern Hansen River Warlpiri, often referred to as Wakirti Warlpiri C15.1. See Kimberley Handbook for a different opinion on Warlpiri dialects. O'Shannessy has described a new variety known as "Light Warlpiri" which has emerged amongst younger people at Lajamanu. Verbal paradigms are influenced by Kriol and English, and nominals retain Warlpiri patterns (2013).
References

Laughren, Mary, Robert Hoogenraad, Ken Hale, and Robin Japanangka Granites. 1996. A learner's guide to Warlpiri, tape course for beginners. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
McGregor, William. 1988. Handbook of Kimberley languages, vol. 1: General information: Pacific Linguistics C-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
O'Shannessy, C. 2013. The role of multiple sources in the formation of an innovative category in Light Warlpiri, a new Australian Mixed language. Language. Vol. 89. No.2. June 2013. DOI: 10.1353/lan.2013.0025.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
The principal Warlpiri-speaking communities are Yuendumu (Yurntumu), Lajamanu, Nyirrpi and Willowra (Wirliyajarrayi) (Laughren 1996:1) Lander Creek below Mount Leichhardt; sand plain north of Mounts Turner, Saxby, and Doreen; northwest to beyond the Granites and Mount Frederick; northern boundary along 19° latitude and Winnecke Creek. Western boundaries are with the Ngardi and Djaru tribes close to the Western Australia border (Tindale 1974) spoken in the Tanami Desert region of the Northern Territory (Swartz 2011) Contemporary location Yuendumu, Lajamanu, Willowra, Ali Curung, Alice Springs, Katerine and Darwin. (Swartz 2011)
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
1400 2800 3000+ 2667 2937 3000 3000 2507
Speaker NILS table
8 8 8 8
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
5
Documentation
Document Score: 
15
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Laughren, Mary. & Hoogenraad, Robert. 1996. A Learner's Guide to Warlpiri. Alice Springs: IAD Press. Nash, David. 1986. Topics in Warlpiri grammar: Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics Series. New York: Garland. Simpson, Jane. 1983. Aspects of Warlpiri morphology and syntax. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (PhD).
Dictionary: 
Swartz, Steve. 1996. Warlpiri Dictionary (http://web.archive.org/web/20031220034506/members.ozemail.com.au/~ztraws/warldict.html%20).
Programs
Activities: 
Mary Laughren is producing an electronic dictionary (2006). Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association made recordings in 80's. Georgia Cullan (ANU) is recording and transcriping songs as part of her PhD in Anthropology (2006).
People: 
Lee Cataldi, Ken Hale, Robert Hoongengraad, Adam Kendon, Mary Laughren, David Nash, Stephen Swartz, Katherine Regional Aboriginal Language Centre, Papulu Apparr-Kari Language Centre Carmel O'Shannessy <http://www-personal.umich.edu/~carmelos/>
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Ngarga Warlpiri Warlpiri [dialects: Related to Warlmanpa]
Dixon (2002)   NORTHERN DESERT FRINGE SUBGROUP Yapa subgroup* Warlpiri Warlpiri Hale (1973b, 1982a), Nash (1985), Simpson (1991) further dialects: Ngaliya, Walmala, Ngardilpa, Eastern Warlpiri
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Warlpiri  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Ngarga Warlpiri (Walbiri)  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Central Western Desert Type Ngarga Walbiri  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Ngarga Walbiri (Wailbri)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Ngarga Walbiri