C16: Wakaya

AIATSIS Code: 
C16
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Wakaya

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec (Wakaya)
Horton Name
Wakaya
Ethnologue name
Wagaya
ISO 639-3 code
wga
Tindale name
Wakaja
Thesaurus heading
Wakaya language (C16) (NT SE53-15)
Tindale (1974)
Wagaja, Waggaia, Wagai, Waagai, Wagaiau, Waagi, Warkya, Wogaia, Worgaia, Worgai, Workaia, Warkaia, Workia, Workii, Woorkia, Lee-wakya, Akaja (of Kaititj), Ukkia, Arkiya.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wakaja, Waggaia, Wagai, Waagai, Waagi, Warkya, Worgaia, Worgai, Workia, Leewakya, Ukkia
Glottocode
waga1260
Other sources
Synonyms
Wagaya
Other Australian Indigenous Languages
Wakaja; Akaja
Arkiya
Lee wakya
Ukkia
Waagai
Waagi
Wagai
Wagaiau
Wagaja
Waggaia
Warkaia
Warkya
Wogaia
Woorkia
Worgai
Worgaia
Workaia
Workia
Worrkii
Wakaya; Leewakya
Wakaja
Wakkaja
Worki a
Wuga
Wagaia
Leewakya
Workii
Akaja
Comment
Language comment
The Wakaya language (called Wuka by the community) is related to the neighbouring languages Bularnu G12.1 and Warluwarra G10. Breen divides recorded materials into two distinct forms: Wakaya and Eastern Wakaya. The former has two noun classes (masculine and non-masculine) while the latter does not. There is a possibility that the Eastern dialect was actually a koine formerly used as a lingua franca for speakers of Wakaya (C16), Yinjilanji G14 and Bularnu G12.1. Breen considers the possibility that material recorded by Spencer and Gillen (mostly in 1904:80-81) from a Wakaya man visiting the Warumungu C18 represents a third variety. The small amount of evidence suggests that this variety may have had noun classes (Breen, nd:30-31).
References
Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Wakaya country extends from the Rankin and James Rivers in the southeast, across the desert (now known as the Wakaya Desert) south of the Barkly Highway, to the northeast part of the Davenport Ranges and the lower Frew River, north to Alroy Downs on the Barkly Tableland and across the southern part of the tableland to near Alexandria. If Eastern Wakaya is a genuine dialect this area could be extended an indefinite distance further to the east (Breen, nd:29).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
8
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Breen, Gavan. Wakaya, ASEDA 0047. Brammall, Daniel. 1991. A comparative grammar of Warluwaric, Australian National University: BA (Hons).
Dictionary: 
Hale, Kenneth and Breen, Gavan. Wakaya, ASEDA 0711.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Daniel Brammall, Gavan Breen, Ken Hale, Papulu Apparr-Kari Language Centre
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWarluwara-ThawaWagaya
Dixon (2002)NGARNA SUBGROUP*Southern Ngarna subgroup*WagayaWagaya further dialect: Yindjilandji (or may be a separate language)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWagaya
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWagayaWagaya
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWagayaWagaya
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganWakaya-WarluwaricWakayaWakaya
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganWakayicWakaya