C19: Wambaya

AIATSIS Code: 
C19
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Wambaya

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Wambaya
Horton Name
Wambaya
Ethnologue name
Wambaya
ISO 639-3 code
wmb
Tindale name
Wambaia
Thesaurus heading
Wambaya / Wampaya language (C19) (NT SE53-11)
Tindale (1974)
Wombaia, Wambaja, Wampaja (of Iliaura), Won-baia, Wom-by-a, Wombya, Yumpia, Umbaia, Umbia.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wambaia, Wombya, Wom-by-a, Yumpia, Umbaia
Glottocode
wamb1258
Other sources
Wambaya, Yumpia, Umbaia [Top End Handbook] Umbia (Lindsay 1887), Wombya (Mathews 1900), Umbaia (Spender and Gillen 1904), Wombaia (Mathews 1905, Capell 1965), Yumpia (Basedow 1907), Umbai (Elymann 1908), Wambaia (Hale 1959, Tindale 1974), Wambaja (Capell 1963, Yallop 1969, Chadwick 1971) and Wampaya (Avery 1990) [Nordlinger 1998] Yumpia (Power), Umbaia (Spencer and Gillen 1904) [Basedow 1906:3]
Synonyms
Wambaia
Wombaya
Wambaia; Umbaia
Umbia
Wambaja
Wampaja
Wom by a
Wombaia
Wombya
Wonbaia
Yumpia
Wambaya; Umbaia
Wampaya; Umbaia
Wampaya
Wobya
Wambaya; Wambaia
Umbaia
Wailwan
Wailwin
Wailwun
Waljwan
Wamgaja
Wilwan
Ympia
Won baia
Comment
Language comment
Wambaya (C19) is one of three dialects including Gudanji C26 and Binbinka N138 of the Wambayan language group, which belongs to the Ngurlun sub-group in the Mirndi language family of non-Pama Nyungan languages (Harvey, 2008:1-3). Harvey says Wambaya is extremely endangered (2008:4). The Mirndi language family consists of two geographically non-contiguous groups on the Barkly Tableland in the Northern Territory: Western Mirndi, with two languages 'Jaminjungan' (see Jaminjung N18 and Ngaliwurru N19) and Nungali N28; and Eastern Mirndi, with three languages, Jingulu C22, Ngarnka N121 and the Wambayan language group. The Wambayan language group and Ngarnka (N121) are in turn two languages which form a genetic group that Harvey calls 'Ngurlun' (Harvey, 2008:1-3). Earlier writers call Wambayan the ‘McArthur language’, after the river which forms part of the territories affiliated with Gudanji, Binbinka and Wambaya (Nordlinger 1998:5 and Chadwick 1989:1-2). Nordlinger's description of these two non-contiguous but related language groups is similar: the first consisting of Jaminjung N18, Naliwuru N19 and Nungali N28 located in the geographic west and the second in the geographic east the 'West Barkly' set consisting of Jingili C22 along with the 'Eastern Group' of Ngarnga N121 and the McArthur language (see above) (1998:4).
References

Chadwick, Neil. 1989. The relationship of Jingulu and Jaminjungan. MS 2833.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Proto Mirndi: a discontinuous language family in northern Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Nordlinger, Rachel. 1998. A grammar of Wambaya, Northern Territory (Australia): Pacific Linguistics C-140. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
There was no precise information on the limits of Wambaya affiliations in 2007. Wambaya was associated with Eva Downs homestead, Anthony Lagoon, and Brunette Downs. Walhallow was probably associated with Wambaya, but there was no definite information on this point. Cresswell Downs homestead was not associated with Wambaya (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
0047
NILS endangerment grade
1
Documentation
Document Score: 
12
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listMedium (100-200 pages)3
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Nordlinger, Rachel. 1998. A grammar of Wambaya, Northern Territory (Australia): Pacific Linguistics C140.Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Dictionary: 
Nordlinger, Rachel. Wambaya Dictionary, ASEDA 0551.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Ken Hale, Rachel Nordlinger, Papulu Apparr-Kari Language Centre
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganWest BarklyWambayaWambaya [dialects: Wambaya, Binbinga (Binbinka), Gudandji. Black (1983) says the dialects are inherently intelligible.]
Dixon (2002)MINDI SUBGROUPEast Mindi subgroup*WambayaWambaya Nordlinger (1998) further dialects: Gudandji, Binbinka
Wurm (1994)Djingili-WambayanWambayanWambaya
Walsh (1981)Djingili-WambayanWambayanWambaya
Oates (1975)Djingili-WambayanWambayanWambaya
Wurm (1972)Djingili-WambayanWambayicWambaya
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)WambayanWambaya