C2: Ngalia

AIATSIS code: 
C2
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngalia

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Ngalea
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ngalea
Thesaurus heading language
Ngalia language C2
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ngalia / Ngalea language (C2) (SA SH52-07)
Tindale (1974)
Ngalia, Ngalija, Ngaliawongga, Tangara (of eastern tribes; term also used for the Antakirinja), Windakan (name applied to language, also to Wirangu tribe), Nangga (men, i.e., circumcised persons), Nanggarangku (lit. 'hostile men,' a term applied by the Pitjandjara), Nanggaranggu, Willoo-rara (means 'west').
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ooldean, Ngalia
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Ngaliya, Ngalea, Nambuda, Nangga, Nanggaranggu, Nanggarangku, Ngaliawongga, Ngalija, Ngallea, Ngallia, Ooldean, Tangara, Willoorara, Windakan, Willoo rara
Comment
Comments: 
This is a dialect of the Western Desert language A80. This should not be confused with Ngaliya C43, a dialect of Warlpiri C15.
References: 
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
Location information: 
Salt Lake districts in Western (or Great Victoria) Desert northwest of Ooldea, including Serpentine, Wanna, and Forrest Lake (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981): 

Milamada (A36 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).

Ngari

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:

Ngardi (O'G,RLS), Ngari (Wafer), Ngadi (AC), Ngati (Joyce Hudson)

Classification of the language:

Central Western Desert Type, Ngarrka subgroup

Identification codes:

Oates '73: 58.3

AIAS:

Capell:

Present number and distribution of speakers:

About 20-30 at Balgo Mission, 1980. Some at Gordon Downs, Billiluna, Lake Gregory, and a couple at Yuendumu and Lajamanu (Hooker Creek). Traditionally from Balgo to Gordon Downs. Milliken, 1972 --

Black, 1979 --

People who have worked intensively on the language:

No-one.

Practical orthography:

Warlpiri orthography is suitable.

Word lists:

Capell (1952), Wafer (1980)

Grammar or sketch grammar:

None.

Material available on the language:

Capell, A. 1952. The Wailbri through their own eyes. Oceania 23.2:110-132. (brief comparative vocabulary in 6 languages)

---------- 1962. Waljbiri grammar, p.15-50 in Some Linguistic Types in Australia. Handbook of Australian Languages, Part II. Oceania Linguistic Monographs No. 7. Sydney: University of

Sydney. (reprints Capell, 1952)

McConvell, Patrick. (Ngardi field notes.) ms.

Tsunoda, Tasaku. (Ngardi field notes.) ms.

Wafer, Jim. 1980. Preliminary observations on Ngari. 8/9/80. 3+4p. ts. IAD. (about 170 words)

Literacy material:

Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS2
2005Estimate2
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
short sentences by Bates (10 pages)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) Ngaliya The Western Desert language. dialects: (a) Warnman, (b) Yulparitja, (c) Manjtjiltjara (or Martu Wangka), (d) Kartutjarra, (e) Kukatja, (f) Pintupi, (g) Luritja, (h) Ngaatjatjarr, (i) Ngaanjatjarra, G) Wangkatha, (k) Wangatja, (l) Ngaliya, (m) Pitjantjatjarra, (n) Yankuntjatjarra, (o) Kukarta
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West Ngalia
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wati/Western Desert Ngalia
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Western Desert Proper Wati Ngaliya
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Western Desert Language Ngalea (Ooldean)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Wati Ngalea