C6: Pitjantjatjara

AIATSIS Code: 
C6
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Pitjantjatjara

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Pitjantjatjara language
ABS Name
Pitjantjatjara
Horton Name
Pitjantjatjara
Ethnologue name
Pitjantjatjara
ISO 639-3 code
pjt
Tindale name
Pitjandjara
Thesaurus heading
Pitjantjatjara language (C6) (NT SG52-11)
Tindale (1974)
Bidjandja, Bidjandjadjara, Bidjandjara, Bidjuwongga, Ituarre (probably a faulty hearing of Pituari), Mamoo, Mamu ('evil beings' a name sometimes applied to them by the Jangkundjara), Mulatara (Tomkinson and Blyth Ranges horde), Nangatadjara (of the Warara Ngadadjara of the Rawlinson Range area), Partutu (name applied by the Pintubi), Peechintarra (daily press rendering in 1958), Pidjandja, Pid-jandjara, Pijandarra, Pitdjandjara [sic], Pitjandjadjara (extended form), Pitjanjarra, Pitjantjara (simplified form adopted by Ernabella Mission in 1941), Pitjantjatjara, Pitjanzazara (z = arbitrary and unauthorized editorial substitution in Oceania for dj symbol), Pitjendadjara, Pitjentara, Pitjindjatjara, Pitjinjara, Pitjinjiara, Pitjintara, Pitjintjitjira (? typographical error), Pituari (a rarely used form), Tjitiadjara (name applied by Ngadadjara), Wanudjara (name applied to Jangkundjara also by Ngadadjara), Wirtjapakandja (an eastern horde; name based on verb ['wirtjapakandji] to run hence has the implication of 'refugees' i.e. those who shifted their living area under pressure. The same term has been applied to some Jangkundjara people now living in the south), Wo?ga-pitja (Pitja speakers), Wongapitcha, Wongapitjira
O'Grady et al (1966)
Pitjandjara, Pitjandjadjara, Pitjindjatjara, Pitkindjara, Pitjindjiara, Pitjanzazara, Wongapitjira, Wongapitcha
Glottocode
pitj1243
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Pitjantjatjarra
Bidjandjadjara
Pitjantjara
Bidjandja
Bidjandjara
Bidjuwongga
Bidyandyadyara
Bindjandjadjara
Gunggawara
Ituarre
Jabu
Kalgonei
Mamoo
Mamu
Mangawara
Mulatara
Nangatadjara
Njangadjadjara
Nyangatjatjara
Partutu
Peechintarra
Pidjandja
Pidjandjara
Pidzandza
Pijandarra
Pintularapi
Pitchentara
Pitdjandjara
Pitindjatjara
Pitjandara
Pitjandjadjara
Pitjandjara
Pitjanjarra
Pitjanzazara
Pitjendadjara
Pitjentara
Pitjindjatjara
Pitjindjiara
Pitjinjara
Pitjinjiara
Pitjintara
Pitjintjitjira
Pitkindjara
Pituari
Tjitiadjara
Tjurti
Wankawinan
Wanudjara
Widanda
Widjandja
Wirtjapakandja
Wongapitcha
Wongapitja
Wongapitjira
Bidjandjadjara/Njangadadjara
Pid jandjara
Woga pitja
Comment
Language comment
This is one of the most well described dialects of the Western Desert language A80.
References

Glass, Amee, Dorothy Hackett, and Bernard Newberry eds. 2003. Ngaanyatjarra-Ngaatjatjarra to English dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
SA
Location information
... at Wingellina in the Tomkinson Ranges, and in areas to the east and north-east (Glass, Hackett & Newberry 2003:1). Mann and Tomkinson Ranges northwest to the eastern end of the Rawlinson Range, W. Aust.; west to the east side of Mount Hinckley and Wingelina; southwest to Mount Blyth, Birksgate Range, and near the north side of Lake Wright; east to Mounts Kintore and Caroline, Butler Dome, and Stevenson Peak; north to Lakes Amadeus, Neale, and Hopkins; in the western Musgrave Ranges east only to Oparinna. Kalaiapiti in the Mount Sir Thomas Range was their ultimate refuge prior to the 1914-1916 period of major drought during which they were driven to usurp the eastern Musgrave Ranges from the Jangkundjara, who were in turn by 1917 forced to shift southward, making the Everard Ranges their principal home; some then shifted south toward Ooldea and are now (1971) living at Yalata (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- 1000 3000+ 2107 2963 1500 3000 2657
Speaker NILS table
5.5 6 8 8
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
3
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Goddard, Cliff. 1993. A learners guide to Pitjantjatjara/Yankunytjatjara. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Dictionary: 
Goddard, Cliff. 1992. Pitjantjatjara/Yankunytjatjara to English dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Programs
Activities: 
Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association made recordings in 80's. University of Adelaide developed a language course late 60's. South Australia. Dept. for Education and Children's Services written a school language program in 1994. Bible translation work has been carried out.
People: 
Heather Bowe, Paul Eckert, Cliff Goddard, David Rose, Yaitya Warra Wodli Language Centre Inc
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wati Pitjantjatjara Pitjantjatjara [dialects: Yankunytjatjara, Pitjantjatjara (Pithantjatjarra)]
Dixon (2002)       Pitjantjatjarra The Western Desert language. dialects: (a) Warnman, (b) Yulparitja, (c) Manjtjiltjara (or Martu Wangka), (d) Kartutjarra, (e) Kukatja, (f) Pintupi, (g) Luritja, (h) Ngaatjatjarr, (i) Ngaanjatjarra, G) Wangkatha, (k) Wangatja, (l) Ngaliya, (m) Pitjantjatjarra, (n) Yankuntjatjarra, (o) Kukarta
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Pitjantjatjara  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wati/Western Desert Pitjantjatjara  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Western Desert Proper Wati Bidjandjadjara/Njangadadjara  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Western Desert Language Pitjantjatjara  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Wati Pitjantjatjara