C7.1: Luritja

AIATSIS Code: 
C7.1
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Luritja

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Luritja
Horton Name
Luritja
Ethnologue name
Pintupi-Luritja
ISO 639-3 code
piu
Tindale name
Kukatja (NT) (Luritja)
Thesaurus heading
Luritja / Loritja language (C7.1) (NT SG52-04)
Tindale (1974)
Aluratja (Iliaura term), Aluratji (Ngalia term), Aluridia (Pintubi and Pitjandjara term), Aluridja, Gogadja, Gugada, Gugadja, Juluridja, Kukacha, Kukadja, Kukata (in error), Loorudgee, Loorudgie, Loritcha, Loritja (Aranda term derogatory; sometimes collectively applied by them also to other despised western tribes), Lo-rit-ya, Luridja, Luritcha, Luritja, Lurritji, Ulur-itdja, Western Loritja (of C. Strehlow)
O'Grady et al (1966)
-
Glottocode
pint1250
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Luritja
Pintupi Luritja
Jumu
Kukatja
Loritja
Matuntara
Ngalia
Aluratja
Aluratji
Aluridia
Aluridja
Lo rit ya
Loorudgee
Loorudgie
Loritcha
Loritya
Luridja
Luritcha
Lurritji
Maiulatara
Manggai
Mulatara
Nambulatji
Panara
Pardoo
Peedona
Peedong
Uluritdja
Wanaeka
Wangatjunga
Wangatunga
Wangkadjungga
Wangkatjunga
Wangkatunga
Wangu
Wankutjunga
Western Loritja
Gogadja
Gugada
Gugadja
Juluridja
Kukacha
Kukadja
Kukata
Ulur itdja
Comment
Language comment
Pintupi C10 and Luritja (C7.1) are two similar but overlapping dialects of the Western Desert language group (Hansen, 2011:vii). The dialects which make up the Western Desert Language group can be divided into western and eastern groups on the basis of grammatical features and vocabularies. Pintupi-Luritja combines some of the dialect features of the eastern and western groups and is influenced by close contact with Western Arrernte C47 and Warlpiri C15 (Heffernan & Heffernan, 1999:2-3). The Central Land Council describes Pintupi speakers as coming from the Western Australian desert region around Kiwirrkura community,and that Pintupi Luritja speakers have had more contact with Hermannsburg, Papunya and Haasts Bluff. Pintupi lived with Mayutjarra and other language groups at Haasts Bluff and later Pupanya in the early 20th century. The term Luritja C10 once referred to the Pintupi and Mayutjarra families who settled in those places in the 1930's. Pintupi referred to people at Pupunya who settled there between 1956-1962, and the children of people who moved to Haasts Bluff in this period call themselves Luritja (Hansen & Hansen, 1975:23). The language spoken by them is influenced by Mayutjarra and surrounding languages, and is called the Luritja dialect. Hansen and Hansen report that some people prefer the term Luritja, with connotations of higher social status (1975:23). See also Kukatja C7.
References

Central Land Council <http://www.clc.org.au/articles/info/aboriginal-languages/>
Heffernan, John, and Kuyata Heffernan. 1996. A learner’s guide to Pintupi-Luritja. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Hansen KC & LE Hansen. 1975. The Core of Pintupi Grammar. Alice Springs: Institute for Aboriginal Development.
Hansen, Ken. 2011. Luritja Picture Dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Heffernan (1996) distinguishes two groups of Luritja communities. The southern groups are those that speak with a strong Yankunytjatjara (C4) influence, and these, by and large, are made up of the communities south of Hermannsburg (including Jay Creek). The other group, Pintupi-Luritja, extends to the north-west and west of Hermannsburg.The major communities where Pintupi-Luritja is spoken are Haasts Bluff, Papunya, Mt Liebig and Kintore. (This roughly corresponds Tindale's location of Jumu (C11), which doesn't seem to be a language name.)
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
12
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLarge (more than 200 pages)4
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
John Heffernan. 1996. A learner's guide to Pintupi-Luritja. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Dictionary: 
Campbell, Maureen, Sultan, Trephina and Harrison, Angela. 2002. Draft Luritja wordlist (Southern dialects). Hansen, Ken, and Luritja and Pintupi speakers. 2011. Luritja picture dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Ken Hansen, Angela Harrison, John Heffernan, Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association, Papunya Literature Production Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestWatiPintupi-Luritja
Dixon (2002)LuritjaThe Western Desert language. dialects: (a) Warnman, (b) Yulparitja, (c) Manjtjiltjara (or Martu Wangka), (d) Kartutjarra, (e) Kukatja, (f) Pintupi, (g) Luritja, (h) Ngaatjatjarr, (i) Ngaanjatjarra, G) Wangkatha, (k) Wangatja, (l) Ngaliya, (m) Pitjantjatjarra, (n) Yankuntjatjarra, (o) Kukarta
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Luridja
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestWati