C8: Arrernte

AIATSIS Code: 
C8
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Arrernte

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Aranda language
ABS Name
Arrernte
Horton Name
Arrernte
Ethnologue name
Arrarnta, Western, Arrernte, Eastern
ISO 639-3 code
are, aer
Tindale name
Aranda
Thesaurus heading
Arrernte / Aranda language (C8) (NT SG53-02)
Tindale (1974)
Aldolanga, Aldolinga (means easterners; a Kukatja name), Alitera (eastern dialect name), A'randa (valid alternative pronunciation), Aranta, Arinta (of Iliaura), Arranda, Arrinda, Arrundta, Arrunta, Arunda, Arunta, Arunta Ulpma, Herrinda, Ilpma, Jairunda (name as known by hearsay among Wirangu of south coast), Oiljpma (dialect name based on Ilpma name for Bond Springs), Paroola and Burrin-gah (based erroneously on Purula and Purunga two of the eight class terms of their social organization), Pitjapitja (Iliaura name also for Eastern Aranda), Pitjima (Iliaura name for Eastern Aranda), Ulpma, Urrundie, Ur-rundie, Waitjinga (horde of Southern Aranda at Macumba), Wonggaranda, Wongkatjeri (southerners east of lower Finke River), Wychinga
O'Grady et al (1966)
Pirdima (for Southern Aranda)
Glottocode
west2441 east2379
Other sources
Arrente [Broad 2008:172$6427] Arunta (Spencer & Gillen$5402), Arrarnte [Roennfeldt et al. 2005$4879]
Synonyms
Aranda
Ikngerripenhe
Eastern Aranda
Mparntwe Arrernte
Central Aranda
Tyuretye Arrernte
Arrernte Alturlerenj
Western Aranda
Pertame
Southern Aranda
Arrarnta
Western
Eastern
Aldolanga
Aldolinga
Alitera
Aranta
Arinta
Arranda
Arrinda
Arrundta
Arrunta
Arunda
Arunndta
Arunta
Arunta Ulpma
Burringah
Herrinda
Ilpma
Jairunda
Oiljpma
Paroola
Pirdima
Pitjapitja
Pitjima
Ulpma
Urrundie
Waitjinga
Wonggaranda
Wongkatjeri
Wychinga
Western Arrernte
Eastern Arrernte
Sourthern Aranda
Southern
Arrente
Burrin gah
Ur rundie
Comment
Language comment
The classification of 'language — dialect — patrilect' for Arandic languages in this database is challenging, due to multilingualism and the differing terminology (language, dialect, variety, patrilect) used by different researchers. The difference in world views between Arrernte and western categories of 'language' also come into play. Wilkins (in Henderson 2013:12) provides an overview of the Arandic languages with two major sub-groups: Artwe (~Urtwe) composed of Upper Arrernte: (Eastern Arrernte, Western Arrernte C47, Alyawarr C14, Anmatyerr C8.1) and Lower Arrernte: (Lower South Arandic). The name 'Eastern and Central Arrernte language' is used by Broad (2008), Green (1994) and Henderson & Dobson (1994). Wilkins (in Henderson 1994:12) defines Eastern Arrernte as a language with dialects including Northern Arrernte, Mparntwe Arrernte, Ikngerre-ipenhe (Eastern), Antekerrepenhe C12 and Akarre C28. The Picture Dictionary (Broad, 2008) identifies some words as being specific to Eastern, Central, Northern, Southern, North Eastern and South Eastern areas of the Eastern and Central Arrernte region. See also Pertame C46; Lower Arrernte C29; Ayerrerenge G12; Antekerrepenhe C12 and Akarre C28. The other major subgroup is called Artweye, with one member Kaytetye C13. Previously, both AUSTLANG and the Thesaurus did not distinguish all Arandic varieties. Consequently there may be items in the AIATSIS collection indexed with the 'Arrernte language (C8)' heading which may relate more specifically to one of the varieties listed above. This may also apply to Speaker Numbers and Documentation Scores.
References

Breen, Gavan. 2001. The Wonders of Arandic phonology. In Simpson, Jane, David Nash, Mary Laughren, Peter Austin and Barry
Alpher eds. Forty years on: Ken Hale and Austalian languages: Pacific Linguistics 512. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Broad, Neil. 2008. Eastern and Central Arrernte picture dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Green, Jenny. 1994. A learner’s guide to Eastern and Central Arrernte. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Hale, Kenneth L. 1962. Internal relationships in Arandic of Central Australia. In Some linguistic types in Australia, ed. A. Capell, 171-185. Sydney: University of Sydney.
Henderson, John, and Veronica Dobson. 1994. Eastern and Central Arrernte to English dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Henderson, John. 2013. Topics in Eastern and Central Arrernte Grammar. Muenchen: LINCOM Europa.
Koch, Harold. 2001. Basic vocabulary of the Arandic languages: from classification to reconstruction. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 71-87. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Koch, Harold. 2004. The Arandic subgroup of Australian languages. In Australian languages: classification and the comparative method, eds Claire Bowern and Harold Koch, 127-150. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Roennfeldt, David. 2006. Western Arrarnta picture dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Main communities where Eastern and Central Arrernte are spoken are Alcoota (Alkwerte), Harts Range (Artetyerre), Bonya (Uthipe Atherre), Santa Teresa (Ltyentye Apurte), Amoonguna (Imengkwerne), and Alice Springs (Mparntwe) (Green 1994:2). The main communities where Eastern and Central Arrernte dialects are spoken are Alcoota, Harts Range (Artetyerre), Bonya (Uthipe Atherre), Santa Theresa (Ltyentye Apurte)), Amoonguna (Amengkwerne) and Alice Springs (Mparntwe) (Henderson & Dobson 1994). These languages are spoken mainly at Harts Range (Artetyere), Bonya (Uthipe Atherre), Santa Teresa (Ltyentye Apurte), Amoonguna (Imengkwerne) and Alice Springs (Mparntwe) (Central Lands Council, 2015).
Maps
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Green, Jenny. 1994. A learner's guide to Eastern and Central Arrernte. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
  • Institute for Aboriginal Development. 2002. Central Australian Aboriginal languages: current distribution. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- 2000 3000+ 3798 2444 1500 2000 2835
Speaker NILS table
8 8 8 8
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
5
Documentation
Document Score: 
14
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Green, Jenny. 2005. A learners guide to eastern and central Arrernte. Alice Springs: IAD Press. Strehlow, T.G.H. 1944. Aranda phonetics and grammar: Oceania Monographs 7. Sydney: Australian National Research Council. Wilkins, David. 1989. Mparntwe Arrernte (Aranda): studies in the structure and semantics of grammar, Australian National University: PhD.
Dictionary: 
Henderson, John & Veronica Dobson. 1994. Eastern and Central Arrernte to English dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press. Roennfeldt, David et al. 2005. Western Arrarnta picture dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press. Neil Broad (comp). 2008. Eastern and Central Arrernte Picture Dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Programs
Activities: 
Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association made recordings in 80's. The Arrernte in Schools (AIS) program teaches Arrernte in primary and secondary schools throughout Alice Springs (IAD website 2007). Myfany Turpin is documenting ceremonial performances and describing the linguistic and musical features of the performances and the song interpretations under the project, Arandic Songs Project (2006 - 2008).
People: 
Gavan Breen, Veronica Dobson, Catherine Ellis, Jenny Green, Ken Hale, John Henderson, Luise Hercus, Carl Strehlow, David Wilkins,
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Arandic   Arrarnta, Western, Arrernte, Eastern Arrarnta, Western [dialects: Western Aranda, Akerre (Akara), Southern Aranda. Close to Alyawarr and Gaidid] Arrernte, Eastern [dialects: Mparntwe Arrernte, Ikngerripenhe, Akarre, Antekerrepenh. Related to Mparntwe Arrernte, Alyawarr, Arrernte Akarre, Anmatyerre, Kaytetye, Western Arrarnta.] Walsh (1981) and Ruhlen (1987) treat Western Arrarnta and Eastern Arrernte as separate languages.
Dixon (2002)   ARANDIC AREAL GROUP   Arrernte (Aranda), Ikngerripenhe (Eastern Aranda), Mparntwe Arrernte (Central Aranda), Tyuretye Arrernte or Arrernte Alturlerenj (Western Aranda), Pertame (Southern Aranda) Arrernte (Aranda) Strehlow (1944), Wilkins (1989), Yallop (1977) dialects: Anmatjirra (Anmatyerr), Aljawarra (Alyawarr), Ayerrerenge, Antekerrepenhe, Ikngerripenhe (Eastern Aranda), Mparntwe Arrernte (Central Aranda), Tyuretye Arrernte or Arrernte Alturlerenj (Western Aranda), Pertame(Southern Aranda), Alenjerntarrpe (Lower Aranda)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Arandic   Western Aranda, Eastern Arnada, Southern Aranda  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Southern, Western, and Eastern Aranda  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Central Aranda  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Eastern Aranda, Western Aranda, Southern Aranda  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Western Aranda, Eastern Aranda, Sourthern Aranda