D24: Southern Anaiwan

AIATSIS code: 
D24
AIATSIS reference name: 
Southern Anaiwan

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Nganyaywana
Ethnologue name
Nganyaywana
ISO 639-3 code
nyx
Tindale name
Anaiwan
Thesaurus heading language
Southern Anaiwan language D24
Thesaurus heading (old)
Anaiwan / Nganyaywana language (D24) (NSW SH56-09)
Tindale (1974)
Anaywan, Anewan, Nowan, Enni-won, Yenniwon, Ee-na-won, En-nee-win, Eneewin, Inuwan, Inuwon, Nee-inuwon, Enuin.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
ngan1296
Other sources
Dariwan, Eenewon, Narwon [ALRRC] Southern Nganyaywana [Crowley (1997: 288)Wafer and Lissarrague 2008:199]
Synonyms
Nganjaywana, Aneewan, Aniwan, Inuwon, Nganyaywana, Anaiwan, Anewan, Amberu, Anaywan, Ee na won, En nee win, Eneewin, Enniwon, Enuin, Inuwen, Inuwon, Nee inuwon, Newana, nganyaywana, Nowan, Yenniwon, Dariwan, Eenewon, Narwon, Enni won, Inuwan
Comment
Comments: 
Previously this language was known as Nganyaywana. Crowley (1976:22-23) distinguishes Enneewin D64 from Nganjaywana (D24), noting that they were not mutually intelligible. In his later work, Crowley (1997) links the various forms of both names as representations of the same phonological form, distorted by 'inaccuracies in the nineteenth century records' (p. 281). Accordingly, he adopts the one form, Nganyaywana, for both languages, differentiating them with 'north' and 'south'. Crowley (1997:284) says that a comparison of lexical material suggests the languages share about 65 per cent vocabulary. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:213) make reference to a Crowley manuscript, 'An introduction to the New England language', which presumably presents the data on which Crowley bases his lexicostatistics. Crowley (1997:284) also says that orthographic variants of the name Nganyaywana have been used to refer to both languages. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:201-202) select Anaiwan (D24) and Northern Anaiwan D64 as reference names and provide an in-depth discussion of their weighing of the evidence of phonological forms from the various sources. Crowley (1976:22-23) uses the term Nganjaywana (D24) as a cover term for two 'either closely related dialects ... or sub-tribal units'), Himberrong D69 and Inuwon D70.
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1976. Phonological change in New England. In Grammatical categories in Australian languages, ed. R.M.W. Dixon, 19-50. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Crowley, Terry. 1997. In Chipping away at the past: a northern New South Wales perspective, ed. McConvell and Evans. Archaeology and linguistics: Aboriginal Australia in global perspective. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
New England tableland from Guyra and Ben Lomond south to Uralla and Moombi Range; northwest to Tingha; at Bendemeer and Armidale (Tindale 1974). (Tindale's location includes the location of Enneewin. This location is excluded in mapping the the location of Nganyaywana.) ... the Armidale-Uralla area of the Northern Tablelands (ALRRC) MacPherson recognises two groups: (1) 'Himberrong': around Walcha, Ingleba, etc: (2)'Inuwon': from Bundarra to Uralla, including Armidale (Crowley 1976:22-23).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Terry Crowley
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Dyangadi Nganyaywana
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL NEW SOUTH WALES GROUP Djan-gadi/Nganjaywana subgroup* Nganjaywana (Aneewan, Aniwan): Inuwon Nganjaywana (Aneewan, Aniwan) Crowley (1976) dialects: Himberrong, Inuwon
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Nganyaywana
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Nganyaywana
Oates (1975) Unclassified Anaiwan
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Aniwanic Aniwan
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)