D34: Bigambul

AIATSIS Code: 
D34
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Bigambul

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
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Horton Name
Bigambul
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Bigambul
Thesaurus heading
Bigambul language (D34) (Qld SH56-01)
Tindale (1974)
Bigabul (valid variant used by one informant), Pikambul, Bigambal, Bigambel, Bee-gum-bul, Bigumble, Pikumbul, Pikumpal, Pikambal, Pikum-bul, Pickum-bul, Pickimbul, Pickumble, Picum-bul, Pikumbil, Begumble (['biga] = ['pika] == yes), Peekumble, Pickumbil, Picumbill, Preagalgh, Wigal-wollumbul, Wee-n' gul-la-m' bul.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Bigambul, Pikambul, Bigambal, Beegumbul, Pikambal, Pikumbul, Pickumbil
Glottocode
-
Other sources
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Synonyms
Bigambal
Pikambul
Bee gum bul
Beegumbul
Begumble
Bigabul
Bigambel
Bigumble
Bigunbil
Peekumble
Pickimbul
Pickum bul
Pickumbil
Pickumble
Picum bul
Picumbill
Pikambal
Pikum bul
Pikumbal
Pikumbil
Pikumbul
Pikumpal
Preagalgh
Pregalgh
Wee n gul la mbul
Wigal wollumbul
Bigumbil
Wee n gul la m bul
Comment
Language comment
The classification of Bigambul is uncertain. Among the classifications included in this database, Dixon (2002) groups Bigambal (D34) together with the Bundjalung E12 languages while others classify it as a ‘Wiradjuric’ language. Gambuwal D29 and Bigambal have a 75% cognate count indicating a possible dialectal relationship; they are grouped with other east Queensland border languages Guyambal D35 and Yugambal E11 by Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:332-4).
References

Condamine Alliance Australia. 2013. Languages of the Condamine. Toowoomba, Qld: Condamine Alliance. (L 040.003/4)
Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
MacPherson, John. 1904. Ngarrabul and other Aboriginal tribes. Pt. 2 Distribution of tribes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales vol. 29, pt. 4, pp. 677-684. (RS 50/5)
Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1902. Languages of some native tribes of Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria. Journal of the Royal Society of NSW 36:135-190.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Wafer, Jim & Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NSW
Location information
East of Nindigully, Qld., on Weir and Moonie rivers, north to Tara; at Talwood, Qld.; on MacIntyre River from east of Boomi to Texas; at Yetman, Boggabilla, and Middle Creek, N.S.W. (Tindale 1974). ... on the Weir and Macintyre Rivers, Queensland; they adjoin the Yualeai on the east (Mathews 1902:143) Bonshaw; Yetman and Boggabilla (On the MacIntyre River); Callandoon and the Weir River - in part (in Queensland). Ridley includes within his Pikimbul region the MacIntyre River, Callandoon and Weir River. Matthews gives Goondiwindi (MacIntyre R.) and Weltown (Weir R., Queensland) as belonging to the Pikumbil Tribe (MacPherson 1904:679). ... on the Queensland-NSW border around the Macintyre and Weir Rivers and extending north towards Millmerran. (Condamine Alliance Australia 2013).
Maps
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Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
2
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUPBigambalBigambal
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWiradjuricMiyalBigumbil
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganWiradjuricMiyalBigumbil
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganWiradjuricMiyalBigumbil