D39: Gawambaraay

AIATSIS code: 
D39
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gawambaraay

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kawambarai
Thesaurus heading language
Gawambaraay language D39
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gawambaray language (D39) (Qld SH55-16)
Tindale (1974)
Kawamparai (said to be language name, ['kawam] = ['guin] = no), Koinbere, Koinberi, Gawambarai, Goin-berai, Koinberri, Guinbrai, Guinberai, 'Mole tribe,' Coo-in-bur-ri, Wirriri (a valid alternative name for the tribe ['wir:i = no]), Wirriwirri, Wooratherie (of Tibbetts).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Koinberri
Glottocode
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Other sources
Gawambaraay [Ash, Giacon, and Lissarrague 2003]
Synonyms
Coo in bur ri, Gawambarai, Ginniebal, Goinberai, Guinberai, Guinbrai, Juwalarai, Kawambarai, Kawamparai, Koinbere, Koinberi, Koinberri, Kwambarai"Mole tribe", Mooran Mooran, Waholari, Walarai, Walari, Warlarai, Weraerai, Weraiari, Wiraiarai, Wirra:arai, Wirri Wirri, Wirriri, Wirriwirri, Wolaroi, Wolaroo, Wolleri, Wolroi, Woolaroi, Wooratherie, Gawambaray, Goin berai, Mole tribe
Comment
Comments: 
Gawambaraay, Gamilaraay / Gamilaroi / Kamilaroi D23, Yuwaalaraay D27, Yuwaalayaay D54, Guyinbaraay D15, Waalaraay D55 and Wirraay-Wirraay D28 are in a dialectal relationship.
References: 
  • Ash, Anna, John Giacon & Amanda Lissarrague eds. 2003. Gamilaraay - Yuwaalaraay - Yuwaalayaay dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
  • Austin, Peter, Corinne J. Williams & Stephen Wurm. 1980. The linguistic situation in north central New South Wales. In Papers in Australian Linguistics 13, 167-180. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1902. Languages of some native tribes of Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria. Journal of the Royal Society of NSW 36:135-190.
  • Wafer, Jim & Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
QLD
Location information: 
It was probably spoken around Boggabilla (Austin, Williams and Wurm 1980:168). ... on the Barwon River about Gobabilla, Boobera, and Tulloona, New South Wales. The Pikumbil people adjoin the Kawambrai on the north-west, and the Yukumbil on the south-east (Mathews 1902:145). Tindale (1974) locates Kawambarai (D39) north of Dubbo but this area is assigned to Wayilwan [D20] by Austin (2008). This database employs the location given by Austin (1980) as above.
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary) - unclear status
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)CENTRAL NEW SOUTH WALES GROUPCentral inland New South Wales subgroup*GawambaraayGamilaraay (Kamilaroi) Williams (1980) further dialects: Yuwaalaraay, Yuwaaliyaay (Euahlayi), Gunjbaraay, Gawambaraay, Wirayaraay (or Wiriwiri), Walaraay
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganWiradhuricGawambaraayGamilaraay (Kamilaroi) [dialects: Gamilaraay, Northern Gamilaraay, Guyinbaraay, Gamilaraay, Wiriyaraay, Gawambaraay, Yuwaaliyaay]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWiradjuricMain WiradjuricGawambaray
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)