D64: Northern Anaiwan

AIATSIS code: 
D64
AIATSIS reference name: 
Northern Anaiwan

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Northern Anaiwan [Crowley (1997:288) Wafer and Lissarrague 2008:199]
Synonyms
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Comment
Comments: 
Previously this language was known as Enneewin. Crowley (1976:22-23) distinguishes Enneewin (D64) from Nganjaywana D24, noting that they were not mutually intelligible. In his later work, Crowley (1997) links the various forms of both names as representations of the same phonological form, distorted by 'inaccuracies in the nineteenth century records' (p. 281). Accordingly, he adopts the one form (the more accurate Nganyaywana) for both languages, differentiating them with 'north' and 'south'. Crowley (1997:284) says that a comparison of lexical material suggests the languages share about 65 per cent vocabulary. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:213) make reference to a Crowley manuscript, 'An introduction to the New England language', which presumably presents the data on which Crowley bases his lexicostatistics. Crowley (1997:284) also says that orthographic variants of the name Nganyaywana have been used to refer to both languages. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:201-202) select Anaiwan D24 and Northern Anaiwan (D64) as reference names and provide an in-depth discussion of their weighing of the evidence of phonological forms from the various sources.
References: 
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
  • Crowley, Terry. 1976. Phonological change in New England. In Grammatical categories in Australian languages, ed. R. M. W. Dixon, 19-50. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Crowley, Terry. 1997. In Chipping away at the past: a northern New South Wales perspective, ed. McConvell and Evans. Archaeology and linguistics: Aboriginal Australia in global perspective. Melbourne: Oxford University Press
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
Tingha, Wandsworth, Ollera, Black Mountain and Guyra (Crowley 1976:22).
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Catalogue
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Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word list
Text Collection
Grammar
Audio-visual
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)