D8: Mutti Mutti / Muthi Muthi

AIATSIS code: 
AIATSIS reference name: 
Mutti Mutti / Muthi Muthi


Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
Madhimadhi language
ABS name
Horton name
Madi Madi
Ethnologue name
ISO 639-3 code
Tindale name
Tindale (1974)
Muti muti, Mutte Mutte, Matimati, Madi-madi, Mataua, Moorta Moorta, Matthee-matthee, Bakiin (of tribes to the south, means 'stealthy marauders by night').
O'Grady et al (1966)
Other sources
Madhi Madhi [former AUSTLANG reference name]
Madhi Madhi, Madi Madi, Bakiin, Mataua, Matimati, Matthee matthee, Moorta Moorta, Mudhi Mudhi, Muthimuthi, Muti muti, Muttee Muttee, Madimadi, Mutte Mutte, Madi madi, Kulin
Previously this language name was written 'Madhi Madhi' in this database. Brendan Kennedy (2014) compiled stories and songs in Mutti Mutti (D8), Wadi Wadi D4, Latji Latji S23 and Tati Tati S28. Muthi Muthi (D8) has close linguistic (including vocabulary and pronoun forms) and social relationships with Ledji-Ledji S23 and Wadi Wadi D4 (Wafer and Lissarrague 2008:63). Three distinct language groups: a) Yitha-Yitha D7 and Tharti-Tharti S28; b) Mathi-Mathi (D8), Wati-Wati D4, Letyi-Letyi S23; and c) Paakantji D12 share a matrilineal social system and Kilpara and Makwara moieties (Blake et al. 2011:25). Blake et al. (2011:2) report that a Mathi-Mathi speaker regarded Mathi-Mathi (D8), Wati-Wati D4, Letyi-Letyi S23, Weki-Weki S33 and Nyeri-Nyeri S24 as a closely related group. Blake and Reid (1998) place Mathi-Mathi (D8), Ledji-Ledji S23 and Wadi-Wadi D4 (which has two varieties: Swan Hill and Piangal) in a subgroup of the Western branch of Kulin. The Piangal variety of Wadi-Wadi D4 is less closely related to the others in that group and may be the language of the Weki-Weki people S33 (in Blake et al. 2011:2-3).
  • Blake, Barry, Luise Hercus, Stephen Morey with Edward Ryan. 2011. The Mathi Group of Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1986. Victorian languages: a late survey: Pacific Linguistics B-77. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Horgen, Michael. 2004. The languages of the Lower-Murray, Department of Linguistics, Latrobe University: MA. (MS 4456 CD).
  • Kennedy, Brendan. 2014. Wangilatha Wangu nga Kiyawatha Songs and Storytelling. Fitzroy, Victoria: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
State / Territory: 
Location information: 

... spoken originally between the Murray and the Balranald district of NSW and as far north as the Lachlan (Hercus 1986:101). East of Lake Victoria, along Murray River west to Balranald, but excluding area between Wentworth and Euston which is occupried by Letji Letji. West of Lachlan River, northern boundary being between Pooncarie and Menindee (Horgen's map 2004). On Murrumbidgee River at Balranald; southwest to Murray River; west to near Lake Benanee; at Reedy Lake; north to west of Carrawathal (Tindale 1974).

Luise Hercus
Indigenous organisations: 
Year Source Speaker numbers

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary, song)

Hercus, Luise. 1986. Outline of the Madimadi language. In Victorian languages: a late survey: Pacific Linguistics B77. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics .

Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   WEST VICTORIAN AREAL GROUP Kulin subgroup* Madhi-Madhi Wemba-Wemba Hercus (1986) further dialects: Baraba-Baraba, Madhi-Madhi, Wadi-Wadi, Ladji-Ladji, Nari-Nari, Wergaya, Djadjala, Wutjabulak, Martijali, Buibatyalli, Nundatyalli, Jab-wurrung, Pirt-Koopen-Noot, Jaja-wurrung
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Kulin Madi-Madi  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Kulin Madimadi (Mathimathi)  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Kulin Muthimuthi