E10: Yaygirr^

AIATSIS Code: 
E10
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Yaygirr^

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Yaygir language
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Gumbainggir (Jiegera/Yaygir)
Ethnologue name
Kumbainggar [Yaygir]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Jiegera
Thesaurus heading
Yaygir / Yaegl language (E10) (NSW SH56-07)
Tindale (1974)
Yiegera, Jeigir, Yegera, Youngai, Jungai.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Jiegera, Yiegera
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Jeigir (Smythe 1948-49 Elementary grammar of the Gumbáinggar languages [Crowley 1979] Yuraygir, Yeigra, Yaegle [Flynn 1996:3]
Synonyms
Kumbainggar
Gumbainggir
Jiegera/Yaygir
Baanbay
Banbai
Gamlamang
Jiegera
Kumbainggiri
Yaygir
Yuungay
Jeigir
Ji:gara
Jireigir
Jungai
Yaegl
Yegera
Yegir
Yiegera
Youngai
Comment
Language comment
Crowley (1979) describes Yaygir (E10), the language spoken by (the late) Sandy Cameron. Yaegl people use the term Yaygirr to refer to the language. According to Morelli (2012:1) Yaygirr is a language name and is also one of four dialects: Yaygirr, Yirraygirr E99, Yunggaya E9 and Birriin E72. However, Birihn E72 is generally considered a dialect of Bundjalung E12 (e.g. Crowley 1978 and Sharpe 2005).
References

Crowley, Terry. 1979. Yaygir. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 1, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 363-384. Canberra: ANU Press.
Crowley, Terry. 1978. The Middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang (Includes 1940s Bandjalang grammar by W. E. Smythe): Research and Regional Studies 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Morelli, Steve. 2012. Yaygirr dictionary and grammar. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Sharpe, Margaret. 1985. An introduction to the Bundjalung language and its dialects. Armidale: Armidale College of Advanced Education..
Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred. R. 1929. Notes on totemism in eastern Australia. In Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. 59 (1929), pp. 399-415.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NSW
Location information
... coastal strip from Coffs Harbour to Evans Head, extended no further inland than Cowper on the Clarence River (Crowley 1979). On the map by Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative, Yaygir doesn't stretch as south as Coffs Harbour. ... around the mouth of the Clarence River (ALRRC). Lower Clarence River from Grafton to the sea; northern boundary not clearly established (Tindale 1974). Contemporary location : Yamba, McLean, Red Rock
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - - - - 2 2 -
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
0 0 2 2
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
6
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Crowley, Terry. 1979. Yaygir. In Handbook of Australian languages, vol 1, eds. RMW Dixon and B Blake, 363-384. Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Dictionary: 
Flynn, Rita. 1996. Yaygirr to English dictionary. Coffs Harbour: R Flynn.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Steve Morelli, David Prosser, Terry Crowley.
Indigenous organisations: 

Ulugundahi Elders Aboriginal Corporation; Wdajri Myiral Elders Aboriginal Corporation; Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Cooperative;

Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Gumbaynggaric Gumbainggar Kumbainggar [Yaygir] Kumbainggar [dialects: related to Yaygirr]
Dixon (2002)   CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Gumbaynggirr/Yaygirr subgroup Yaygirr Yaygirr Crowley (1979)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yaygir   Yaygir  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Gumbaynggiric Yaygir Yaygir  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Gumbainggaric Yegir Yegir  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Gumbainggaric Yegir Yegir (Yiegera, Yigara)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Yegiric   Yegir