E11: Yugambal

AIATSIS Code: 
E11
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Yugambal

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Ngarabal (Yugambal)
Ethnologue name
Yugambal
ISO 639-3 code
yub
Tindale name
Jukambal
Thesaurus heading
Yugambal language (E11) (NSW SH56-06)
Tindale (1974)
Jukambil, (['juka] = no), Yukambal, Yukumbul, Yukumbil, Yacambal, Yookumbul, Yookumbil, Yookumbill, Yoocumbill, Ukumbil, Yookumble, Yoocomble, Ucumble, Yurimbil (misprint), Yukumba.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yugumbil, Yukambal, Yukambil, Yookambul, Yookumbil, Ukumbil, Yookumble, Yurimbil, Ucumble, Ngarabal, Ngarrabul, Pregalgh
Glottocode
yuga1244
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Yugambal: Ngarrabul
Ngarrbal
Ngarabal
Kwiambal
Jugambal
Jukambal
Jukambil
Marbul
Narbul
Ngarabul
Ngarrabul
Pregalgh
Ucumble
Ukumbil
Yacambal
Yirimbil
Yoocomble
Yoocumbill
Yookambul
Yookumbil
Yookumbill
Yookumble
Yookumbul
Yucomble
Yugarabul
Yugumbil
Yukambal
Yukambil
Yukumba
Yukumbil
Yukumbul
Yurimbil
Comment
Language comment
The classification of this language is uncertain. According to Sharpe (2005:2), Yugambal may have been a dialect of the Yugambeh E17-Bundjalung E12 dialect chain, or a name for the Yugambeh-Bundjalung language, the term she uses as a cover term for Bundjalung and Yugambeh dialects. Among the classifications included in this database, only Dixon (2002) groups Yugambal together with Bundjalung languages and all others classify Yugambal as a ‘Yuin-Kuri’ language. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:332-334) group Yugambal together with Bigambal D34 and Guyambal D35 (non-Bundjalung languages) under the name, ‘East Queensland Border’ languages although they acknowledge that different researchers have classified these three languages differently. Tindale lists Yukumbil as an alternative name of Jukambal (E11), but according to Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:335), Yukumbil data collected by Radcliffe-Brown (1929: 401, 413) shows that it is a dialect of Bundjalung not Yugambal. Crowley (1976, 1997) treats Yugambal, Ngarbal E68 and Marbal E91 as dialects of one language, on the basis of the comment made by MacPherson (1904:683) that speakers of these three varieties understood each other.
References

Crowley, Terry. 1976. Phonological change in New England. In Grammatical categories in Australian languages, ed. R. M. W. Dixon, 19-50. Canberra: AIAS.
Sharpe, Margaret. 2005. Grammar and texts of the Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialect chain in Eastern Australia. München: Lincom Europa.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NSW
Location information
... originally spoken in the area between Boggy Creek and Inverell, with Bingara, Bundarra and Tingha being on the extremities of the territory covered by this language (Crowley 1976:21). ... the language of the Tenterfield area (Sharpe 2005:2).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
2
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganYugambalYugambal
Dixon (2002)CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUPYugambal: Ngarrabul (Ngarrbal)Yugambal further dialect: Ngarrabul (Ngarrbal)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricYugambal
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricKuriYugambal
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricKuriYugambal
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricKuriYukambal
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganYuin-KuricKuriJukambal