E11: Yugambal

AIATSIS code: 
E11
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yugambal

tabs_horizontal

Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Ngarabal (Yugambal)
Ethnologue name
Yugambal
ISO 639-3 code
yub
Tindale name
Jukambal
Thesaurus heading language
Yugambal language E11
Thesaurus heading (old)
Yugambal language (E11) (NSW SH56-06)
Tindale (1974)
Jukambil, (['juka] = no), Yukambal, Yukumbul, Yukumbil, Yacambal, Yookumbul, Yookumbil, Yookumbill, Yoocumbill, Ukumbil, Yookumble, Yoocomble, Ucumble, Yurimbil (misprint), Yukumba.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yugumbil, Yukambal, Yukambil, Yookambul, Yookumbil, Ukumbil, Yookumble, Yurimbil, Ucumble, Ngarabal, Ngarrabul, Pregalgh
Glottocode
yuga1244
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Yugambal: Ngarrabul, Ngarrbal, Ngarabal, Kwiambal, Jugambal, Jukambal, Jukambil, Marbul, Narbul, Ngarabul, Ngarrabul, Pregalgh, Ucumble, Ukumbil, Yacambal, Yirimbil, Yoocomble, Yoocumbill, Yookambul, Yookumbil, Yookumbill, Yookumble, Yookumbul, Yucomble, Yugarabul, Yugumbil, Yukambal, Yukambil, Yukumba, Yukumbil, Yukumbul, Yurimbil
Comment
Comments: 
The classification of this language is uncertain. According to Sharpe (2005:2), Yugambal may have been a dialect of the Yugambeh E17-Bundjalung E12 dialect chain, or a name for the Yugambeh-Bundjalung language, the term she uses as a cover term for Bundjalung and Yugambeh dialects. Among the classifications included in this database, only Dixon (2002) groups Yugambal together with Bundjalung languages and all others classify Yugambal as a 'Yuin-Kuri' language. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:332-334) group Yugambal together with Bigambal D34 and Guyambal D35 (non-Bundjalung languages) under the name, 'East Queensland Border' languages although they acknowledge that different researchers have classified these three languages differently. Tindale lists Yukumbil as an alternative name of Jukambal (E11), but according to Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:335), Yukumbil data collected by Radcliffe-Brown (1929: 401, 413) shows that it is a dialect of Bundjalung not Yugambal. Crowley (1976, 1997) treats Yugambal, Ngarbal E68 and Marbal E91 as dialects of one language, on the basis of the comment made by MacPherson (1904:683) that speakers of these three varieties understood each other.
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1976. Phonological change in New England. In Grammatical categories in Australian languages, ed. R. M. W. Dixon, 19-50. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 2005. Grammar and texts of the Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialect chain in Eastern Australia. München: Lincom Europa.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
... originally spoken in the area between Boggy Creek and Inverell, with Bingara, Bundarra and Tingha being on the extremities of the territory covered by this language (Crowley 1976:21). ... the language of the Tenterfield area (Sharpe 2005:2).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yugambal Yugambal
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Yugambal: Ngarrabul (Ngarrbal) Yugambal further dialect: Ngarrabul (Ngarrbal)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yugambal
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Yugambal
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Yugambal
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Yukambal
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Jukambal