E12: Bundjalung^

AIATSIS Code: 
E12
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Bundjalung^

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Bandjalang language
ABS Name
Bandjalang
Horton Name
Bundjalung
Ethnologue name
Bandjalang
ISO 639-3 code
bdy
Tindale name
Badjalang
Thesaurus heading
Bundjalung / Banjalang language (E12) (NSW SH56-02)
Tindale (1974)
Badjelang, Budulung (paidjal = badjal = man), Buggul (g read as dj), Paikalyung, Paikalyug, Bandjalang, Bandjalong, Bunjellung, Bundela, Bundel, Widje (horde or hordes at Evans Head), Watchee, Woomargou.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Bandjalang, Bunjellung, Bundela, Bundel, Watchee
Glottocode
band1339
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Bandjalang
Arakwal
Badjulung
Banjalang
Birihn
Dinggabal
Geinyan
Gidabal
Jukambal
Jukambe
Kalibal
Keinjun
Kitabal
Minjunbal
Ngarahgwal
Nyangbal
Wahlubal
Widjubal
Wiyabal
Wudjehbal
Yugambeh
Badjalang
Badjelang
Bandjalong
Bandjelang
Bandyalang
Beelia
Beeloo
Bogganger
Budulung
Buggul
Bundala
Bundel
Bundela
Bundjulung
Bundyulen
Bunjellung
Derbal
Ilakuri wongi
Juadjag
Juadjek
Juadjuk
Karakata
Karrakatta
Minal njunga
Minalnjunga
Minnal Yungar
Mooro
Murram
Paikalyug
Paikalyung
Swan River Tribe
Wadjug
Wadjuk
Wadjup
Wajuk
Watchee
Whadjuk
Whajook
Widje
Witja:ri
Witjari
Woomargou
Yooadda
Yooard
Yoongar
Yuard
Yuatjek
Yungar
Yungur
Bandjalung
Comment
Language comment
Sharpe coined the name Yugambeh–Bundjalung as a cover term for a group of dialects from north-east New South Wales and south-east Queensland (2005) and produced a dictionary (on CDROM) of Yugambeh–Bundjalung in 2013. The name Bundjalung has been used as a language name for a number of related dialects since the 1940s, sometimes with the phonemic spelling /Bandjalang/ (Crowley and Sharpe in Sharpe, 1996:17). It also refers to one of the dialects, termed Bundjalung proper, spoken around Coraki (cf. Crowley (1978:151) and Sharpe (2005)). Thus, Bundjalung is both a language name and a dialect name. See also: Birihn E72; Casino language E73; Ngarabal E92; Dinggabal E16.1; Galibal E15; Geynyan D36; Gidhabal E14; Mananjahli E76; Minyangbal E18; Arakwal E13; Nerang Creek language E77; Nganduwal E78; Ngarahgwal E79; Nyangbal E75; Wahlubal E16.2; Wehlubal E80; Wiyabal E16; Wudjebal E96 and Yugambeh E17.
References

Crowley, Terry. 1978. The Middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang (Includes 1940s Bandjalang grammar by W. E. Smythe): Research and Regional Studies 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Sharpe, Margaret. 1996. An introduction to the Yugambeh-Bundjalung language and its dialects. Armidale: the Author
Sharpe, Margaret. 2005. Grammar and texts of the Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialect chain in Eastern Australia. München: Lincom Europa.
Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NSW
Location information
Coraki and Bungawalbin Creek (Crowley 1978). ... dialect the north coast of NSW from north of Grafton and the Clarence River in the coastal area to the Logan River in southeast Queensland, inland to Drake (east of Tenterfield), out to Warwick and Allora in Queensland, and along the upper Clarence River and its tributaries (ALRRC).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - 20+ - - 20 20 95
Speaker NILS table
3 3 3 3
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Crowley, Terry. 1978. The middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang. Canberra: AIAS. Sharpe, Margaret. 2005. Grammar and texts of the Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialect chain in Eastern Australia. Munich: Lincom.
Dictionary: 
Sharpe, Margaret. 1994. Bundjalung. In Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, eds. N Thieberger, W McGregor, 1-22. North Ryde: Macquarie Library. Sharpe, Margaret. 1995 Dictionary of Western Bundjalung: including Gidhabal and Tabulam Bundjalung. Armidale, NSW: Margaret Sharpe. Sharpe, Margaret. 2000. Dictionary of Eastern Bundjalung including Minyanbal and Ngahnduwal , ms.
Programs
Activities: 
Many Rivers Aboriginal Language Centre is hosting workshops to assist the Bundjalung Elders Language Group to recommend an orthography for Bundjalung (2007).
People: 
Terry Crowley, Margaret Sharpe, Many Rivers Aboriginal Language Centre, Junbung Aboriginal Elders Corporation
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic   Bandjalang Bandjalang [dialects: Gidabal (Gidhabal), Yugumbir.]
Dixon (2002)   CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP   Bandjalang Bandjalang Cunningham (1969), Geytenbeek and Geytenbeek (1971), Crowley (1978) further dialects include: Yugumbir, Nganduwal, Minjangbal, Njangbal, Biriin, Baryulgil, Waalubal, Dinggabal, Wiyabal, Gidabal, Galibal, Wudjeebal
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic   Bandjalang  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic   Bandjalang Bandjalang [dialects: Bandjalang, Yugumbee, Biriin, Dinggabal]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic   Bandjalang  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic   Bandjalang (Bandjalong)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic   Badjelang