E14: Gidhabal

AIATSIS code: 
E14
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gidhabal

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Name
ABN name
Gidabal language
ABS name
Githabul
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Bandjalang [Gidabal]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kitabal
Thesaurus heading language
Gidhabal language E14
Thesaurus heading (old)
Githabul language (E14) (NSW SH56-02)
Tindale (1974)
Kidabal, Kidjabal, Kit(t)a-bool, Kittabool, Kitabool, Kitapul, Gidabul, Gidjoobal, Kuttibul, Noowidal.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kidabal, Kittabool, Kitapul, Gidjoobal, Kuttibul
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Gidhabal, Githebul [Sharpe 2005:2]
Synonyms
Githabul, Gidabal, Bandjalang, Kidabal, Kidjabal, Kita bool, Kittabool, Kitabool, Kitapul, Gidabul, Gidjoobal, Kuttibul, Noowidal
Comment
Comments: 
Sharpe coined the name Yugambeh - Bundjalung as a cover term for a group of dialects from north-east New South Wales and south-east Queensland (2005) and produced a dictionary (on CDROM) of Yugambeh - Bundjalung in 2013. Geytenbeek and Geytenbeek compiled a detailed grammar and dictionary in 1971. Sharpe indicates the name is derived from 'those who say gidha "alright" ' (2005:7). See also: Birihn E72; Casino language E73; Ngarabal E92; Dinggabal E16.1; Galibal E15; Geynyan D36; Mananjahli E76; Minyangbal E18; Nerang Creek language E77; Nganduwal E78; Ngarahgwal E79; Nyangbal E75; Wahlubal E16.2; Wehlubal E80; Wiyabal E16; Wudjebal E96 and Yugambeh E17. Documentation for Bundjalung E12 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1978. The Middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang (Includes 1940s Bandjalang grammar by W. E. Smythe): Research and Regional Studies 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Geytenbeek, Brian, and Helen Geytenbeek. 1971. Gidabal grammar and dictionary: Australian Aboriginal Studies 43, Linguistics Series 17. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Sharpe, Margaret . 1996. An introduction to the Yugambeh-Bundjalung language and its dialects. Armidale, NSW: The author.
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 2005. Grammar and texts of the Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialect chain in Eastern Australia. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Steele, John. 1984. Aboriginal pathways in southeast Queensland and the Richmond River. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
Woodenbong (Sharpe 1996). Bonalbo Creek, Tooloom Creek and Koreelah Creek (Steele 1984).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Brian Geytenbeek, Margaret Sharpe
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates24
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census20
2011Census7
2016Census4

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Geytenbeek, Brian. 1971. Gidabal grammar and dictionary. Canberra: AIAS.

Dictionary: 
Sharpe, Margaret. 1995 Dictionary of Western Bundjalung: including Gidhabal and Tabulam Bundjalung. Armidale, NSW: Margaret Sharpe.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Bandjalang [Gidabal] Bandjalang [dialects: Gidabal (Gidhabal), Yugumbir]
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Gidabal Bandjalang Cunningham (1969), Geytenbeek and Geytenbeek (1971), Crowley (1978) further dialects include: Yugumbir, Nganduwal, Minjangbal, Njangbal, Biriin, Baryulgil, Waalubal, Dinggabal, Wiyabal, Gidabal, Galibal, Wudjeebal
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Gidabal Bandjalang [dialeccts: Bandjalang, Yugumbee, Biriin, Dinggabal]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Gidabal
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Gidabal (Gidabul, Gidhabal)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Kitabal