E16.2: Wahlubal

AIATSIS code: 
E16.2
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wahlubal

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Wahlubal [Sharp 2005]
Synonyms
Waalubal, We:labal, Welabal
Comment
Comments: 
Sharpe coined the name Yugambeh - Bundjalung as a cover term for a group of dialects from north-east New South Wales and south-east Queensland (2005) and produced a dictionary (on CDROM) of Yugambeh - Bundjalung in 2013. Crowley indicates Waalubal (E16.2) is the Tabulam - Drake dialect; the name Wahlubal recorded by the Geytenbeeks; Crowley's collaborator recognised the name (1978:155). Sharpe indicates the name is derived from 'those who say wahlu "you, singular ergative" (Tabulam area)' ... ' (2001:7). See also other dialects in the Bundjalung - Yugembeh dialect chain: Bundjalung E12; Birihn E72; Casino language E73;Ngarabal E92; Dinggabal E16.1; Galibal E15; Geynyan D36; Gidhabal E14; Mananjahli E76; Minyangbal E18; Nerang Creek language E77; Nganduwal E78; Ngarahgwal E79; Nyangbal E75; Wehlubal E80; Wiyabal E16; Wudjebal E96 and Yugambeh E17. Documentation for Bundjalung E12 and / or Yugambeh E17 may be relevant. Note that in the Language Thesaurus, Wahlubal was listed under (E12).
References: 
  • Sharpe, Margaret. 2005. Grammar and texts of the Yugambeh-Bundjalung dialect chain in Eastern Australia. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Crowley, Terry. 1978. The Middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang (Includes 1940s Bandjalang grammar by W. E. Smythe): Research and Regional Studies 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
... around Tabulam (Sharpe 2005:9). ... in the country of the lower Rocky River (or Timbarra River) and the adjacent stretch of the Clarence Valley around Pretty Gully and Tabulam, towards the coast as far as the Mallanganee Range (or Richmond Range) (Crwoley, 1978:155)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 

Crowley, Terry. 1978. The middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang. Canberra: AIAS.

Dictionary: 
Crowley, Terry. 1978. The middle Clarence dialects of Bandjalang. Canberra: AIAS.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Waalubal Bandjalang Cunningham (1969), Geytenbeek and Geytenbeek (1971), Crowley (1978) further dialects include: Yugumbir, Nganduwal, Minjangbal, Njangbal, Biriin, Baryulgil, Waalubal, Dinggabal, Wiyabal, Gidabal, Galibal, Wudjeebal
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Waalubal Bandjalang [dialeccts: Bandjalang, Yugumbee, Biriin, Dinggabal]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic We:labal
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Bandjalangic Welabal
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)