E21: Moondjan

AIATSIS Code: 
E21
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Moondjan

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Yuggera (Nunukul)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Nunukul
Thesaurus heading
Nunukul / Noonuccal language (E21) (Qld SG56-15)
Tindale (1974)
Noonukul, Noonuccal, Moondjan (['mundjan] = no), Ngundjan (of another tribe).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Noonukul, Moondjan
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Moonjan
Yuggera
Nunukul
Gowar
Jagara
Koenpul
Ngugi
Turrubul
Yagara
Gundjun
Koko Kuntjan
Koko wansin
Kokoyan
Koonjan
Kundjan
Kundjin
Kunjen
Kunjin
Mundjan
Ngundjan
Noonuccal
Noonuckle
Noonukul
Nununkul
Okundjain
Nunungal
Quandamooka
Comment
Language comment
The earliest record indicates a difference between people and language name: the Noonukul (E21) are from the northern portion of Stradbroke Island and their language is called Moondjan (Watkin & Hamilton in Curr 1887: Vol 3: 222); the name of this place is Minjerribah. Later records indicate that Nunagal (E21) is used as a name for both the people and the language of Stradbroke Island (Holmer,1983:392). Holmer concludes that Nunagal (E21) and 'Yagarabul' (E66 (but see also Yugara E23) form a linguistic 'unit'; he proposes dialectal differences between the mainland, which he calls 'jagarabal' or 'jagarabul', including Bribie Island, and an island dialect he calls Nunagal, comprising Stradbroke (and possibly Moreton) Island (1983:393). Other sources indicate that the Moreton Bay region and the people from that area are known as Quandamooka. This is a grouping that consists of Jagara E23 and Koopenul in the Cleveland area; Nunukal (E21) and Goenpul (see Jandai E19) peoples from Stradbroke Island; and Ngugi E26 from Moreton Island.
References

Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. 1886-87. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer; London: Trübner.
Holmer, Nils Magnus. 1983. Linguistic survey of south-eastern Queensland: Pacific Linguistics D-54. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Potential Data
Location
State
QLD
Location information
Northern portion of Stradbroke Island (Tindale 1974). The northern portion of Stradbroke Island (Curr 1886 vol.3 222).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - - - - - - -
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
- - - -
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
2
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP   Moonjan Yagara further dialects: Turubul (or Turrbal), Janday, Moonjan
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Durubulic   Nunungal  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Durubulic   Nunungal  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Durubulic   Nunungal  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Durubulic   Nununkul  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Durubulic   Nununkul