E30: Butchulla

AIATSIS code: 
E30
AIATSIS reference name: 
Butchulla

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Batjala
Horton name
Badtjala
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Batjala, Ngulungbara
Thesaurus heading language
Butchulla language E30
Thesaurus heading (old)
Butchulla / Batjala / Badtjala language (E30) (Qld SG56-06)
Tindale (1974)
Badjela, Badtala, Batyala (Wakawaka term applied to coastal people), Badyala, Patyala, Bidhala (Kabikabi term applied to coastal people), Butchulla, Dulingbara (group of hordes), Ngulungbara (group of hordes at north end claiming to be a separate tribe), Thoorgine (name of the island) for Batjala. Olongbura, Gnoolongbara, Koolaburra for Ngulungbara.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Badjela, Patyala
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Batjala, Badjala, Badtjala, Ngulungbara, Badjela, Patyala, Badtala, Batyala, Badyala, Bidhala, Dulingbara, Thoorgine for Batjala, Olongbura, Gnoolongbara, Koolaburra for Ngulungbara
Comment
Comments: 
The community preference is to use Butchulla (E30) (Bell, 2004). Holmer describes a close relationship between Batjala (E30) and Kabi Kabi E29 and is unable to define the relationship as dialectal or two separate languages (1983:138). Tindale includes Ngulungbara under this language name (E30) but indicates that they may be a different people (1974:165).
References: 
  • Bell, J. 2004. Dictionary of the Butchulla Language. Hervey Bay, Qld: Korrawinga Aboriginal Corporation.
  • Holmer, Nils Magnus. 1983. Linguistic survey of south-eastern Queensland: Pacific Linguistics D-54. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Kite, Suzanne and Wurm, Stephen A. 2004. The Duungidjawu language of southeast Queensland: grammar, texts and vocabulary. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Fraser Island and on the adjacent mainland around Pialba and Mount Bauple (Kite and Wurm 2004). Batjala: Fraser or Great Sandy Island (n. n. Gari); also on the mainland coast south to Noosa Head (Tindale 1974). Ngulungbara: Northern third of Fraser Island, north of Boomerang Hill (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Jeanie Bell, Korrawinga Aboriginal Corporation
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census7
2011Census8
2016Census24

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 

Bell, Jeanie. 2003. A sketch grammar of the Badjala language of Gari (Fraser Island), University of Melbourne: MA.

Dictionary: 
Bell, Jeanie. 2004. Dictionary of the Butchulla language. QLD:Korrawinga Aboriginal Corporation.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Waka-Gabi areal group Badjala Gabi-Gabi (or Dippil) further dialect: Badjala
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Badjala Gabi [dialects: Gabigabi, Badjala]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Badjala
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Badjala
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Batjala