E44: Gayiri

AIATSIS code: 
E44
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gayiri

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Gayiri
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kairi
Thesaurus heading language
Gayiri language E44
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gayiri / Kairi language (E44) (Qld SF55-15)
Tindale (1974)
Khararya (['kara] = no), Bimurraburra (horde in vicinity of Emerald); ['mardi] = man.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Khararya
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Khararya (Tennant-Kelly 1935); Kaira (Jefferies 2006) Gara-Gara, Ara-Ara [Breen forthcoming paper on Bir]
Synonyms
Kairi, Bimurraburra, Gahrarja, Kararya, Kari, Khararya, Khararya; Kaira Gara Gara, Ara Ara, man
Comment
Comments: 
Breen (2009:239) analyses two word lists which were collected from the area identified as Kairi (E44) country in Tindale (1974:173) one by Middleton and another by Noble, both from Curr (1887) (they both appear under the number 156 in Curr). On the basis of his analysis, Breen uses Gara-Gara E44 (from 'gara' the word for 'no') as the dialect name for the eastern part of the Kairi area and Ara-Ara E44 as the dialect name for the western part. Middleton's word list is for Gara-Gara and Noble's word list is for Ara-Ara.
References: 
  • Breen, G., 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 133(2), pp.219-256.
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Curr 156i 'Nogoa River' appears to be from the Gayiri dialect, judging both by the given location, which matches that given by Tindale for Gayiri, and by linguistic evidence (Terrill 1998:94). From the Great Dividing Range south of Springsure north to Capella; west to Drummond Range; east to Comet and upper Mackenzie (Nogoa) rivers (Tindale 1974:173).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS0
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) GREATER MARIC GROUP Maric proper subgroup Gayiri Bidjara* Breen (1973, 1981a) further dialects: Gungabula, Marrganj, Gunja, Wadjigu, Gayiri, Dharawala, Wadjalang, Wadjabangayi, Yiningayi, Yanjdjibara, Mandandanjdji, Guwamu, Gunggari, Ganulu, Gabulbara, Wadja, Nguri
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Maric Gayiri
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Gayiri
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Gayiri
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Kairi
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Mari Kairi