E48: Baradha

AIATSIS code: 
E48
AIATSIS reference name: 
Baradha

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Baradha
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Barada
Thesaurus heading language
Baradha language E48
Thesaurus heading (old)
Barada language (E48) (Qld SF55-08)
Tindale (1974)
Thar-ar-ra-burra (horde at Cardowan), Tha-ra-ra-burra, Toolginburra (a horde name, ['tulkun] = hill), ['mari] = man.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Barada, Thar ar ra burra, Tha ra ra burra, Toolginburra, man
Comment
Comments: 
Baradha is a Biri E56 dialect from Central Queensland. Breen reports that Tindale's 1938 work used a subscript grave accent under the final consonant, which he interprets as interdental articulation, thus the spelling Baradha. He questions part of the location provided by Tindale in his earlier work (1938 in Breen 2009:229), saying that Apis Creek and Cleve (Clive) seem too far south. Other dialects of the Biri language include Biri E56, Yangga E52, Yilba E55, Miyan E50, Wirri E57, Gabulbarra E45, Baranha E53, Yambina E51, Yetimarala E63, Garaynbal E38, Gangulu E40 and the Brown River language (Breen, 2009). There is an unpublished manuscript 'Baradha and Biri fieldnotes' c 1973 by Warwick Norman, a linguistics student at the Australian National University referred to by Breen and listed in his references.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
On Connors River from Killarney north to Nebo; west to near Bombandy (Tindale 1974:165) ... includes Saltbush Park, Lotus Creek, Bombandy, Celeve [sic], Collaroy, Tierwonbo, Wardu (Funnel Creek), Bolingbroke and Apis Creek Stations or parts of them (Tindale 1938 in Breen 2009:229)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available (However, Terrill 1998 lists one field note with 86 sentences and 100 words by Norman Warwick, not held at AIATSIS)
Grammar: 

Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri. Munich: Lincom. Beale, Anthony. 1974. A grammar of the Biri language, ms.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupBaradhaBiri* (or Biria, Birigaba) Beale (1974) (note that Terrill 1998 is a publication of some of Beale's materials) further dialects: Gangulu, Wirri (or Widi), Yilba, Baradha, Yambina, Yetimarala, Garanjbal, Yangga
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricBaradha
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariBaradha
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariBarada
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariBarada
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariBarada