E56: Biri^

AIATSIS Code: 
E56
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Biri^

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Biri
Ethnologue name
Biri
ISO 639-3 code
bzr
Tindale name
Biria
Thesaurus heading
Biri / Birri Gubba language (E56) (Qld SF55-03)
Tindale (1974)
Birigaba, Biriaba, Breeaba, Perenbba, Perembba.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Birigaba, Breeaba
Glottocode
biri1256
Other sources
Breeaba (Hodginson 1886 Burdekin River), Birigaba - people who speak Biri [Breen p.c.] (Terill (1988:70) agrees the use of the term Birigaba.)
Synonyms
Birigaba
Biria
Wiri
Biragaba
Birri Gubba
Biriaba
Breeaba
Perembba
Perenbba
Comment
Language comment
Biri is the name of a dialect from central Queensland, which has come to be known as a language name for a number of closely related dialects which form this language. This language has also been called by another dialect name, Gangulu E40 and belongs to the Mari goup of languages, after the word for 'man'. The people were called Birigaba and possibly Biriyaba, the latter reflects a placename Briaba (Breen, 2009:219, 223). Dialects of the Biri language include Yangga E52, Yilba E55, Miyan E50, Wirri E57, Gabulbarra E45, Baradha E48, Baranha E53, Yambina E51, Yetimarala E63, Garaynbal E38, Gangulu E40 and the Brown River language (Breen, 2009, see 2009:234). See also Mandalgu E65 and Wadjigu E39.
References

Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. M√ľnchen: Lincom Europa.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
Beale gives the tribal area as the region encompassing Bowern, Ayr, Collinsville, and Nebo. Most sources agree with these, some adding Mackay and Cape Cleveland. It is generally agreed that the Biri dialect was the language of the people of Bowern River. Tindale agrees with this (Terrill 1998:70). On Bowen River north to junction with Burdekin River; east to Clarke Range; west to Leichhardt Range; south to Netherdale (Tindale 1974). The Biri country mapped is for the Biri language not the Biri dialect. It includes the country of other Biri dialects.
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
4444
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
7
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri. Munich: Lincom. Beale, Anthony. 1974. A grammar of the Biri language, ms.
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Anthony Beale, Angela Terrill, Tasaku Tsunoda, Birri-Gubba Wadja Bimbi Aboriginal Corporation
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Biri
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupBiri (or Birigaba)Biri* (or Biria, Birigaba) Beale (1974) (note that Terrill 1998 is a publication of some of Beale's materials) further dialects: Gangulu, Wirri (or Widi), Yilba, Baradha, Yambina, Yetimarala, Garanjbal, Yangga
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricBiri
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariBiri
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariBiri
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariBiria
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariBiria