E58: Giya

AIATSIS code: 
E58
AIATSIS reference name: 
Giya

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Giya
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Gia
Thesaurus heading language
Giya language E58
Thesaurus heading (old)
Giya language (E58) (Qld SF55-03)
Tindale (1974)
Kia, Bumbara (place name, probably a horde), Bumbarra.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kia, Bumbarra, Bumburra
Glottocode
-
Other sources
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Synonyms
Bumbarra, Gia, Ngaro, Ngaru, Bumbara, Bumburra Burra, Kia, Bumburra
Comment
Comments: 
Terrill reports the vocabulary in Curr (1887), 'no.136, Port Denison to Cape Gloucester' are all that remains for this language (1998:87). Breen suspects that Giya is related to Biri E56 and Wirri E57 either as a dialect of Biri language, or a closely related language; he notes that words with intial /gi/ (Giya and githi 'spear') are not a feature of Mari languages (2009:246).
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Bowen to St. Helens and Mount Dalrymple; inland to Clarke Range; at Proserpine, Gloucester Head, Gloucester Island, and Repulse Bay; not at Cape Conway (Tindale 1974). The location given by Shea in Curr matches the location Tindale gives (Terrill 1998:87) .
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPProserpine groupGiya (Bumbarra)Giya (Bumbarra)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricGiya
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGiya
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGiya
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariGia
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariGia