E60: Gudjal

AIATSIS code: 
E60
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gudjal

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Gudjal
Horton name
Gudjal
Ethnologue name
Warungu (Gudjala)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kutjala
Thesaurus heading language
Gudjal language E60
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gudyal language (E60) (Qld SE55-13)
Tindale (1974)
Gudjali, Koochul-bura.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Warungu, Gudjala, Gudjali, Koochul bura, Kutjala
Comment
Comments: 
Gudjal (E60) has been classified as a member of the 'Upper Burdekin group' along with Gugu-Badhun Y128 and Warrungu Y133 (Sutton, 1973 in Breen 2009:243).
References: 
  • Breen, G., 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 133(2), pp.219-256.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1973. Gugu-Badhun and its neighbours: a linguistic salvage study, Macquarie University: MA. (MS 694).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
At Mount Sturgeon, Mount Emu Plains, Lolworth, and Reedy Springs Stations along both sides of the Dividing Range; on upper Clarke River; east to near Charters Towers (Tindale 1974:178). ... [Gugu Badhun's] southern border was the Clarke River, about where it joins the Burdekin. There they met the Gudjal (also known as Gur(i)djal) (Sutton 1973:14). The northern part of Tindale's Warrungu (between Charters Towers and Clarke River) may be Gudjal country (Breen 2009:244).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Tasaku Tsunoda
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS10?
2005Estimate10
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census3

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
Santo, William. 2006. Gudjal language pocket dictionary. Condon, QLD. Black Ink Press.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganMaricWarungu (Gudjala)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupGudjal(a)Warungu* Sutton (1973), Tsunoda (1974) further dialects: Gugu-Badhun, Gudjal(a)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricGudjala
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGudjala
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGudjala
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariKutjala
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariKutjala