E61: Bindal

AIATSIS Code: 
E61
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Bindal

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Bindal
Ethnologue name
Nyawaygi [Bindal]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Bindal
Thesaurus heading
Bindal language (E61) (Qld SE55-15)
Tindale (1974)
Bendalgubber (label on specimen of a fishhook in Florence Museum ascribed to Port Denison, i.e., Bowen which is 50 miles [80 km.] southeast in adjoining Juru tribal area), North Murri.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Lower Burdekin
Nyawaygi
Bendalgubber
Bindel
North Murri
Comment
Language comment
The data for this language are scarce. Breen unpacks the historical confusion around two 'Lower Burdekin' wordlists in Curr (1886, Vol 2: 488-491), interpreted by Terrill as one language 'Bindal' (E61) (1998:86); Breen concludes there are two different languages in these wordlists, both referred to as Bindal, and that neither language is a Mari dialect (2009:245).
References

Breen, G., 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 133(2), pp.219-256.
Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. 1886-87. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer; London: Trübner.
Sutton, Peter. 1973. Gugu-Badhun and its neighbours: a linguistic salvage study, Macquarie University: MA. (MS 694).
Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
Terrill cites Tindale (Terrill 1998:86). From mouth of Burdekin River north to Cape Cleveland; inland to Leichhardt Range; at Ayr (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
1
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganDyirbalicNyawaygi [Bindal]Nyawaygi [dialects: Related to Wulguru, Bindal, and Yuru, which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)LOWER BURDEKIN GROUPLower BurdekinGorton, 'Lower Burdekin', in Curr (1886, Vol 2 pp 490-1), Cunningham, 'Lower Burdekin', in Curr (1886, Vol 2 pp 488-9)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganNyawaygicBindal
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganNyawaygicBindal
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganNjawigicBindal
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariBindal
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariBindal