G10: Waluwarra^

AIATSIS code: 
G10
AIATSIS reference name: 
Waluwarra^

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Waluwarra
Horton name
Warluwarra
Ethnologue name
Warluwara
ISO 639-3 code
wrb
Tindale name
Waluwara
Thesaurus heading language
Waluwarra language G10
Thesaurus heading (old)
Warluwarra language (G10) (Qld SF54-05)
Tindale (1974)
Walugara (valid alternative), Walukara, Elookera, Wollegarra, Waloo-kera, Warluwara, Wallawarra, Wolga (place name), Walgra, Didjadidja (horde at Roxborough), Kapula (horde at Carandotta), Panggara (horde at Moonah Creek), Pangara, Paringgara ('creek dwellers'), Yannalinka ( ? horde name at Carandotta), Maula (supposedly a valid name but not recognized today).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Maula, Walookera, Wolga, Wollegara, Wlookera, Yunnalinka
Glottocode
warl1256
Other sources
Synonyms
Warluwara, Warluwarra, Waluwara, Didjadidja, Elookera, Kapula, Maula, Maule, Mauula, Pangara, Panggara, Paringgara, Walgra, Wallawarra, Waloo kera, Walookera, Walugara, Walugera, Walukara, Wlookera, Wolga, Wollegara, Wollegarra, Yannalinka, Yunnalinka, Warluwarra Bularnu
Comment
Comments: 
According to Breen (1971 MA thesis), the Warluwara G10 people consisted of three groups: Kapula, Parnkara G41, and the Warluwara G10 proper; Kapula is given by Warluwara speakers as a dialect of that language. It appears that Warluwarra, an alternative spelling of Waluwarra, is used by linguists. Documentation on Warluwara G10 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1970. A description of the Waluwara language, Monash University: MA. (MS 111).
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. In Linguistic Communications 5, 1-88. Melbourne: Monash University.
  • Nancarrow, Cassy, et al. 2013. Waluwarra : pictorial dictionary. Longreach, Qld. Desert Channels Queensland in partnership with The Georgina Diamantina &? Cooper Aboriginal Group.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
... at Walgra and Urandangie (Breen 1970). From Roxborough Downs north to Carandotta and Urandangi on the Georgina River; on Moonah Creek to near Rochedale; southwest to Pituri Creek; at Wolga. (Tindale 1974). ... it does not extend to Northern Territory. It also does not extend as far east or north as Tindale says. (Breen: 1970; this database adopts Breen's map.)
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981): 

Martu Wangka (A6 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).

Warluwara

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Elookera (Roth), Maula (O'G), Maule (T,KH, orig. AIAS), Wallawarra (Edge), Walookera (Roth, Elkin, Edge, Meggitt), Walugera (Breen), Waluwara (Breen), Warluwara (Breen, Hale), Warluware (Blake), Wallegara (Roth) (used by neighbours), Walukara (Roth) (used by neighbours)
Dialects: Kapula, Parnkara
Related languages: Bularnu (Breen -- the original Lake Nash language. Hundreds of pages of transcripts and a ms. grammar.) (Balana (Lamond), Bularna (Breen, AIAS), Bulanu (RLS))
Intjilantji (which see)
Classification of the language:
Wagaya-Warluwaric Group (Orig. Wakayic),, Warluwara (SAW) or Thawa (Breen) subgroup
Identification codes:
Oates '73: 68.1a (Bularnu 68.2a)
AIAS: G.010 (Bularnu G12.1)
Capell: G24
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Traditionally, on Georgina River from Roxborough Downs to Carandotta. Breen, 1967-70 -- 4 "moderately competent" speakers
Black, 1979 -- virtually extinct
People who have worked intensively on the language:
None.
Practical orthography:
None.
Word lists:
Breen, Hale.
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Breen.
Material available on the language:
Bayliss, J.J. 1899. Linguistics. Science of Man 2.4:68-70. (65 words in Wallawarra from J.G. Edge, Carandotta Station, Urandangie)
Breen, J.G. 1968. Report (to AIAS) on field trip to western Queensland, 1968. 5p. (Doc 68/763).
---------- 1969. Report (to AIAS) on field trip to western Queensland, 1969. 3p. (Doc 69/860).
---------- 1967. Warluwara field notes and transcriptions. (hundreds of pages). ms. (Ms 115, AIAS)
---------- 1970. A description of the Waluwara language. MA thesis, Monash University. 306p. (Ms 111, 158, AIAS)
---------- [1972?] Aboriginal languages of Western Queensland. Linguistic Communications 5:1-88.
---------- 1973. Warluwara vocabulary. 36p. ts.
---------- 1976. Warluwara and Bularnu, pp. 250-256 ("having" affix),331-335(case inflections),586-590(ergative) in Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages. Linguistic Series 22, ed. by
R.M.W. Dixon. AIAS.
Deakin, M.T. 1964?. Waluwara tape transcript. (pMs 237, AIAS)
Dutton. (old vocabulary) (30 words)
Hale, Kenneth L. Some notes on Waluwara (Maule). 11p. ms. (AIAS) (material recorded at Dajarra, 1960, from Fred Age from Urandangie)
Roth, W.E. 1897. Ethnological studies among the north-west- entral Queensland Aborigines. Brisbane: Government Printer. (100 words)
Literacy material:
None.

Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesexist
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILSfew?
2005Estimate3
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listMedium (100-200 pages)3
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Breen, Gavan. 1970. A description of the Waluwara language, Monash University: MA.

Dictionary: 
Breen, Gavan. Warluwarra Word list, ASEDA 0253.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWarluwara-ThawaWarluwara
Dixon (2002)NGARNA SUBGROUP*Southern Ngarna subgroup*WarluwaraWarluwara Breen (1971) further dialects: Kapula, Parnkarra
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWarluwara
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWarluwara/ThawaWarluwara
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWaluwara or ThawaWarluwara
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganWakaya-WarluwaricWarluwaraWarluwara
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganWarluwaricWarluwara