G21: Mbara

AIATSIS code: 
G21
AIATSIS reference name: 
Mbara

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Mbara
Ethnologue name
Mbara
ISO 639-3 code
mvl
Tindale name
-
Thesaurus heading language
Mbara language G21
Thesaurus heading (old)
Mbara language (G21) (Qld SF54-04)
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
mbar1254
Other sources
Bargal [Sutton 1976:103]
Synonyms
Ambara, Mitjamba, Balgalu, Bargal
Comment
Comments: 
See also Midjamba G18. According to Oates (1975:298), Sutton discovered that his Mbara and Tindale's Mitjamba G18 were the same dialect, being mutually intelligible with Yanga Y131. Oates therefore subsumes Mbara within Midjamba (i.e. treating Midjamba as the reference name). Sutton (1976:103) says Mitjamba may be an exonym for Mbara as the only person found to know the term was a Gudjal E60 person. Sutton also says that Bargal G22 appears to be a Ngawun G17 term for Mbara.
References: 
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1976. The diversity of initial dropping languages in southern Cape York. In Languages of Cape York, ed. Peter Sutton, 102-123. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
On Woolgar and Stawell rivers; north to Gregory Range and Gledswood; west to near Saxby Downs; east to Chudleigh Park; south to Cambridge Downs (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Mbara Mbara
Dixon (2002) SOUTH-EAST CAPE YORK PENINSULA GROUP Mbara (Ambara) Mbara (and, possibly, Yanga; alternative names: Ambara, Bargal)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Paman Mbara
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Paman Southern Pama Mbara
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Mbara (G18)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)