G28: Kukatj

AIATSIS code: 
G28
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kukatj

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Kukatj
Ethnologue name
Gugadj
ISO 639-3 code
ggd
Tindale name
Kukatja (QLD)
Thesaurus heading language
Kukatj language G28
Thesaurus heading (old)
Kukatj language (G28) (Qld SE54-10)
Tindale (1974)
Kukatji (valid variant), Gugadji, Konggada (language name).
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
guga1239
Other sources
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Synonyms
Gugadj, Kalibamu, Marago, Gudadj, Gudadji, Gugady, Gugatj, Kokatj, Kukatji, Gugadji, Kukatja, Kukatyi, Konggada
Comment
Comments: 
Neighbouring languages include Gudhand G31 (from the Norman Pama sub-group); and probably Mayagulan G25 ; Maybi G20; and Mayaguduna G24 (from the Bandjil sub-group of Maric) (Breen, 1976:151). Wurm classifies Gugadj (G28) as a group on its own, not closely related to neighbouring languages (possibly based on Flint and / or Dutton in Breen 1976:151). Black's study of Gurdjar G33 and Gudhand G31 indicates Gugadj is a Pamic language (in Breen, 1976:161). Breen (2006 p.c.) says that Galibamu G27, reported by Tindale, seems to be what he knows as Kukatj.
References: 
  • Breen, G. 1976. Gugadj and Gog-nar: A Contrastive Sketch. In Sutton, Peter (ed.) Languages of Cape York. Papers presented to a symposium organised by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
From Donor Hills north to Gulf of Carpentaria; at Inverleigh; eastward to Flinders River (Tindale 1974). ... about the lower part of the Flinders River, which flows into the Gulf of Carpentaria about thirty miles west of Normanton ... (Breen, 1976:151).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Paul Black, Gavan Breen
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates1
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Breen, Gavan. Kukatj Grammar machine-readable files, ASEDA 0022.

Dictionary: 
Breen, Gavan Kukatj. Grammar machine-readable files, ASEDA 0022.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Paman Central Pama Gugadj
Dixon (2002) WESTERN CAPE YORK PENINSULA AREAL GROUP Kukatj Kukatj (or Kalibamu)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Paman Gugadj
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Paman Flinders Pama Gugatj
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Flinders Pama Gugadji
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Kukantyic Kukatyi
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)