G31: Gkuthaarn

AIATSIS code: 
G31
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gkuthaarn

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Kuthant
Ethnologue name
Kuthant
ISO 639-3 code
xut
Tindale name
Kareldi (Kutanda)
Thesaurus heading language
Gkuthaarn language G31
Thesaurus heading (old)
Kuthant / Gkuthaarn language (G31) (Qld SE54-06)
Tindale (1974)
Karundi (valid alternative), Karunti, Kurandi, Ka-rantee, Karrandi, Karrandee, Gar-und-yih, Karun- (scrublands), Gooran (a general term-people belonging to the scrub), Kotanda (valid alternative name; also said by Sharp to be a 'local group,' the name was also applied to the now extinct Kalibamu), Kutanda, Goothanto.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
kuth1240
Other sources
Gudanda [Sutton PMS 1780] Gudhanda (Breen) [Black 1980]
Synonyms
Kuthant, Karaldi, Gudanda, Gudhanda, Gudhand, Guandhar, Kareldi, Karundi, Karunti, Kurandi, Ka rantee, Karrandi, Karrandee, Gar und yih, Karun, Gooran, Kotanda, Kutanda, Goothanto
Comment
Comments: 
According to Black (1980:189), Sharp (1939:449) noted that Karandi G32 and Kutanda (G31) were two local groups of one group which was usually known by the latter name. Black (1980:181, 189) describes Norman Paman as definitely comprising the Kuthant and Kurtjar G33 languages, probably also Rib Y107 ('though only as a dialect that now appears to be completely indistinguishable from Kurtjar') and possibly Walangama G36 (for which there is very little data). See also Garandi G32.
References: 
  • Black, Paul. 1980. Norman Pama historical phonology. In Papers in Australian Linguistics 13, 181-239. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Sharp, Lauriston. 1939. Tribes and totemism in north-east Australia. Oceania 9(3):(254)-275, 9(4):439-461.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Mouth of Norman River; at Karumba (the proper n.n. Kurumba); from Normanton west to Flinders River; north to the Swinburne River; inland to Milgarra, Maggieville, and Stirling (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Paul Black, Gavan Breen
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganPamanNorman PamaKuthant
Dixon (2002)WESTERN CAPE YORK PENINSULA AREAL GROUPNorman Pama subgroup*KuthantKuthant
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganPamanKuthant
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganPamanNorman PamaKuthant
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganSouthern PamaGudhand, Guandhar
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganKarantic?Gudanda
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)