G32: Garandi

AIATSIS code: 
G32
AIATSIS reference name: 
Garandi

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kareldi
Thesaurus heading language
Garandi language G32
Thesaurus heading (old)
Garandi language (G32) (Qld SE54-07)
Tindale (1974)
Karundi (valid alternative), Karunti, Kurandi, Ka-rantee, Karrandi, Karrandee, Gar-und-yih, Karun- (scrublands), Gooran (a general term-people belonging to the scrub), Kotanda (valid alternative name; also said by Sharp to be a 'local group,' the name was also applied to the now extinct Kalibamu), Kutanda, Goothanto.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Karindhi [Breen 1972:8] Karrandee [Armit in Curr 1886]
Synonyms
Karrandee, Karundi, Garandji, Kareldi, Karindhi, Karanti, Karunti, Kurandi, Ka rantee, Karrandi, Gar und yih, Karun, Gooran, Kotanda, Kutanda, Goothanto
Comment
Comments: 
According to Black (1980:189), Sharp (1939:449) noted that 'Karandi (G32) and Kutanda G31 are two local groups of one tribe which is usually known by the latter name'. Oates (1975), however, reports a lack of consensus on this matter. She notes that Sutton considers them to be separate, with Garundi (G32) perhaps related to Gugadji G28, but that Breen disagrees, saying Curr's Karrantee is Southern Pama, not related to Gugadji. See also Kuthant G31.
References: 
  • Armit, William E. Mouth of the River Norman (Karrandee tribe). Curr , E.M. -- The Australian race , v.2, 1886; 306-309
  • Black, Paul. Language research in Normanton (PMS 166).
  • Black, Paul. 1980. Norman Pama historical phonology. In Papers in Australian Linguistics 13, 181-239. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Sharp, Lauriston. 1939. Tribes and totemism in north-east Australia. Oceania 9(3):(254)-275, 9(4):439-461.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Mouth of Norman River; at Karumba (the proper n.n. Kurumba); from Normanton west to Flinders River; north to the Swinburne River; inland to Milgarra, Maggieville, and Stirling (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Southern Pama Garandji
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Karantic ? Karanti? (Garundi?)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)