G38: Lardil

AIATSIS Code: 
G38
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Lardil

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Lardil language
ABS Name
Lardil
Horton Name
Lardil
Ethnologue name
Lardil
ISO 639-3 code
lbz
Tindale name
Lardiil.
Thesaurus heading
Lardil language (G38) (Qld SE54-01)
Tindale (1974)
Lardil, Lardi:i (typographical error), Laierdila, Ladil, Kunana (n.n. for Mornington Island), Kuna'na, Gunana, Mornington Island tribe (of Hedley). Kare-wa (dialect name fide Roth).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kunana, Laierdila
Glottocode
lard1243
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Lardiil
Layardilda
Damin
Demin
Gunana
Jungarl
Kare wa
Kunana
La:dil
Ladil
Laierdila
Lardi:i
Lardill
Leedil
Mornington Island tribe
Nemarang
Comment
Language comment
Languages from the North Wellesley Islands and adjoining mainland include Lardil (G38), Yukulta G34, Kayardild G35 and Yangkaal G37 which O’Grady – Voegelin – Voegelin (1966) classified in the ‘Tangkic’ group (tangka means ‘person’ in all four languages). Evans classifies Kayardild G35 and Yangkaal G37 as dialects of one language (South Wellesley), while Yukulta (G34) and Nguburindi G19 are dialects of a separate, but closely related language (Mainland). Lardil (Mornington Island) is further removed,having a historical relationship with Proto-Tangkic (1995:9, 12). Lardil (G38) incorporates a special speech variety called Demiin (G38) for use in particular occasions. Demiin (or: Damin) utilises a particular phonological range, and consist of a hundred or so word stems which exhibit highly abstract semantics to express the complex range of concepts spoken about in Lardil (Hale & Nash, 1997:247-8). The Tangkic languages have genetic affiliation with the non-Pama Nyungan languages of Arnhem Land, but long term contact with Pama Nyungan languages led to morphological and lexical borrowing, and a 'typological convergence ... away from the non-Pama-Nyungan headmarking, prefixing type to a fairly typical Pama-Nyungan type ... (Evans, 1995: 30, 38). Blake defines the Tangkic group (Yukulta (G34) Lardil, G38, Kayardild G35) as non-Pama-Nyungan languages, based on the pronoun forms (1988:39). Ash describes Lardil as Pama Nyungan (1997:7).
References

Ash, Anna. 1997. The process of writing a learner's guide to Lardil, an Australian Aboriginal Language. PMS 5713.
Blake, Barry. 1988. Redefining Pama-Nyungan in Evans, Nicholas and Steve Johnson (eds) Aboriginal Linguistics. Armidale: University of New England.
Evans, Nicholas. 1995. A grammar of Kayardild, with historical-comparative notes on Tangkic: Mouton Grammar Library 15. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Hale, Ken and David Nash. Damin and Lardil phonotactics, in Tryon, Darrell and Michael Walsh (eds) Boundary Rider Essays in honour of Geoffrey O'Grady. ANU Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, Series C-16, pp247-259.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
The northern Wellesley Islands, extending south to include the northern half of Denham Island (Harvey ASEDA 802). Mornington Island and the shore of Appel Channel on Denham Island (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
2.54.55.56.5
NILS endangerment grade
1
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLarge (more than 200 pages)4
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Klokeid, Terry. 1976. Topics in Lardil grammar, MIT: PhD.
Dictionary: 
Ngakulmungan Kangka Leman. 1997. Lardil dictionary : a vocabulary of the language of the Lardil people, Mornington Island, Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland : with English-Lardil finder list. Gununa, QLD: Mornington Shire Council.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Anna Ash, Ken Hale, Sandra, Keen, Terry Klokeid, Frank Woolston
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganLardilLardilLardil [dialects: Related to Kayardild, Nyangga, Yugulda.]
Dixon (2002)TANGKIC SUBGROUP*LardilLardil Hale (1997)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganTangicLardil
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganTangicLardil
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganTangicLardil
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganTangicLardil
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganTangkicLardil