K12: Jaru

AIATSIS Code: 
K12
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Jaru

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Djaru language
ABS Name
Jaru
Horton Name
Jaru
Ethnologue name
Jaru, Djaru
ISO 639-3 code
ddj
Tindale name
Djaru
Thesaurus heading
Jaru / Djaru language (K12) (WA SE 52-10)
Tindale (1974)
Djaro (valid alternative), Jarroo, Jarrou, Jarrau, Charrau, Jaruo, Djara (? misprint), Deharu, Jaruru (class term), Njining (language name), Njinin, Nyinin, Nining, Neening, Meening (apparently typographical error), Ka:biri (apparently local group on Margaret River), Karbery, Kodjangana (valid name for the northern Djaru), Ruby Creek tribe.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Jaruru, Jaroo
Glottocode
jaru1254
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Djaru
Jaruru
Jaroo
Djaro
Jarroo
Jarrou
Jarrau
Charrau
Jaruo
Djara
Deharu
Njining
Njinin
Nyinin
Nining
Neening
Meening
Ka:biri
Karbery
Kodjangana
Ruby Creek tribe
Comment
Language comment
References

Blythe, Joe & Wightman, Glenn. 2003. The Role of Animals and Plants in Maintaining the Links. In Joe Blythe and Robert McKenna Brown (eds.), Maintaining the Links: Language, Identity and the Land. Proceedings of the Seventh Conference of the Foundation for Endangered Languages 69-77. Bath, UK: FEL
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Honeyman, Tom. 2005. Topic and focus in Ngardi, University of Sydney: BA (Hons).
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Tsunoda, Tasaku. 1981. The Djaru language of Kimberley, Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics B-78. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
The affiliations of Djaru are principally taken from Tsunoda. The only significant variation is in the east where Djaru affiliations extended further than indicated by Tsunoda. Birrindudu and Kirkimbie homesteads were associated with Djaru. In the north-west the hills immediately to the east of Halls Creek mark the north-western limit of Djaru. Old Halls Creek was affiliated with Djaru. New Halls Creek is affiliated with Gija. In the south, Ima-Ima Pool and the pools on Sturt Creek to the north of this were apparently associated with Djaru. In the south-east, the changeover to Kartangarurru affiliations was in the Browns Range (Harvey ASEDA 802). East of Ramsay Range along Margaret River to the Mary River Junction. East from the headwaters of Christmas Creek, skirting the sand desert fringe eastward to Cummins Range, Sturt Creek Station, and the Northern Territory border. Thence northward to Nicholson Station homestead, the headwaters of Ord River above the Dixon Range, keeping east of Alice Downs to Hall Creek and the Margaret River gorge (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- 250 250 341 575 200-300 (ave 250) - 353
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Tsunoda, Tasaku. 1981. The Djaru language of Kimberley, Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics B78. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Dictionary: 
Kimberley Language Resource Centre. Jaru Dictionary, ASEDA 0248. Kimberley Language Resource CentreTsunoda's Jaru, ASEDA 0510
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Tasaku Tsunoda, Kimberley Language Resource Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Ngumbin Jaru, Djaru Jaru [dialects: Nyininy, Djaru. Nyininy is inherently intelligible with Jaru (Black 1983).]
Dixon (2002)   NORTHERN DESERT FRINGE SUBGROUP Edgar Range to Victoria River subgroup* Djaru Djaru Tsunoda (1981) further dialects: Wawarl, Njininj
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Djaru  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Ngumbin Djaru Djaru [dialects: Djaru, Nyininy]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Northern Western Desert Type Ngumbin (Eastern Kimberleys) Djaru  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Ngumbin Djaru  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Ngumbin Djaru