K19: Guwij

AIATSIS code: 
K19
AIATSIS reference name: 
Guwij

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Ngarinyin [Guwidj]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
-
Thesaurus heading language
Guwij language K19
Thesaurus heading (old)
Guwij language (K19) (WA SD52-13)
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Guwidj [Capell 1972]
Synonyms
Guwidj, Orla, Ngarinyin, Guidj
Comment
Comments: 
Guwij is a non-Pama-Nyungan language of the Worrorran language group - specifically Eastern Worrorran along with Ngarinyin K18, Wurla K43, Andajin K64, Guwij K19, Wolyamidi K26, Munumburru K25. These languages are geographically contiguous (in the northern Kimberley region, Western Australia) and all have five noun classes and gender distinction (McGregor and Rumsey 2009:5-7). McGregor and Rumsey (2009:1) report that Guwij is 'nowadays more or less equated with Wurla K43.' McGregor (2004:42) classifies this as a member of the Ngarinyinic group, adding Walajangarri K24 to the above list. Coate and Oates (1970) say that Guwidj (K19) is a dialect of Ngarinjin K18 but it is not clear whether they treat Ngarinjin itself as a language or dialect name. Hence, it is not clear whether his description of Ngarinjin is on the Ngarinjin dialect or the Ngarinjin language (which includes Guwidj). Guwidj is described as a dialect of Ngarinjin in Capell (1963). Ngarnawu K52, Walajangarri K24, Wurla K43 and Guwij (K19)are considered to be types of Ngarinjin K18 by knowledgeable people; Andajin K64 is regarded as a separate language (McGregor, 2004:43).
References: 
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Coate, H., and L. Oates. 1970. A grammar of Ngarinjin, Western Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 25, Linguistic Series 10. Canberra: AIAS.
  • McGregor, William. 2004. The Languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. New York : RoutledgeCurzon.
  • McGregor, William, and Alan Rumsey. 2009. Worrorran revisited: the case for genetic relations among languages of the Northern Kimberley region of Western Australia: Pacific Linguistics 600. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
About Mt Barnett began the dialect known as Guwidj, which extends to Gibb River and Gorandji. (Coate & Oates 1970).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Widjandja (A38.1 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

5.14 Guwij / Guwidj

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Guwidj (AIAS, Capell, Capell & Coate, Coate & Oates, Oates), Guidj (Black, Black & Walsh, O'Grady, Oates & Oates)
Classification of the language:
Worrorran family, Ungarinyinic group
Identification codes:
AIAS: K19
Oates 1973: 46.2b
Capell: K15
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Not known
People who have worked intensively on the language:
No one
Practical orthography:
None
Word lists:
None; Capell & Coate (1984) contains a list of kin terms.
Textual material:
Capell (1972)
Grammar or sketch grammar:
None
Material available on the language:
Capell, A. 1972. Cave painting myths: northern Kimberley. (Oceania Linguistic Monographs, 18) Sydney: University of Sydney.
Capell, A. & Coate, H.H.J. 1984. Comparative studies in northern Kimberley languages. Canberra: PL, C-69.
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Nekes) - unclear status
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)WororanNgarinyin [Guwidj]Ngarinyin [dialects: Wilawila, Wolyamidi, Guwidj, Wurla (Worla, Worlaja, Wula, Ola, Walar, Wuladja, Wuladjangari)]
Dixon (2002)NORTH KIMBERLEY AREAL GROUPGuwidj (Orla)Ungarinjin Rumsey (1982a) further dialects: Guwidj (Orla), Waladja, Ngarnawu, Andadjin, Munumburru, Wolyamidi, Waladjangarri
Wurm (1994)WororanUngarinjinicGuwidj
Walsh (1981)WororanUngarinjinicGuwidj
Oates (1975)WororanNgarinjinicGuwidj
Wurm (1972)WororanNgarinyinicGuidj
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)WororanUngarinyinicGiuidj