K2: Jugun

AIATSIS code: 
K2
AIATSIS reference name: 
Jugun

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Jukun
Ethnologue name
Dyugun
ISO 639-3 code
dyd
Tindale name
Djugun
Thesaurus heading language
-
Thesaurus heading (old)
-
Tindale (1974)
Tjugun, Tjukun, Djukun, Tjugan, Djukan, Jukan, Tjunung, Kularrabulu, Jukannganga (i.e., Jukan speech).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Djukan, Jukan
Glottocode
dyug1238
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Jukun, Dyugun, Djugun, Djurgun, Djukan, Jukan, Djugan, Tjugun, Tjukun, Djukun, Tjugan, Tjunung, Kularrabulu, Jukannganga
Comment
Comments: 
This is a dialect of Yawuru K1 according to Hosokawa (1991). Documentation on Yawuru K1 may be relevant. According to Hosokawa (1994:497), people nowadays use the name Yawuru to refer to the Julbayi Yawuru K48, also known as Small Yawuru K48 or Southern Coastal Yawuru K48, as distinct from the Minyjirr Yawuru (K2), usually known as Jugun or Big Yawuru (K2). Hosokawa's description of Yawuru (1991, 2011) is primarily on the Julbayi K48 dialect. McGregor (2010:209) categorises Jukun as one of the Eastern Nyulnyulan languages, along with Nyikina K3, Warrwa K10, and Yawuru K1. He contrasts these with the Western Nyulnyulan languages, Bardi K15, Jawi K16, Jabirrjabirr K8, Nyulnyul K13, Nimanburru K9 and Ngumbarl K4.
References: 
  • Hosokawa, Komei. 1991. The Yawuru language of West Kimberley: a meaning-based description. Australian National University, PhD. (MS 3041).
  • Hosokawa, Komei. 1994. Retribalization and language mixing: aspects of identity strategies among Broome Aborigines, Western Australia. Bulletin of the National Museum of Ethnology, vol. 19, no. 3. pp. 491-534.
  • Hosokawa, Komei. 2011. The Yawuru language of West Kimberley: a meaning-based description. Muenchen: Lincom Europa (Published version of MS 3041).
  • McGregor, William B. 2010. The semantics, pragmatics and evolution of two verbless negative constructions in Nyulnyul. Oceanic Linguistics 49(1):205-232.
  • Stokes, Bronwyn. 1982. A description of Nyigina, a language of the West Kimberley, Western Australia (MFE/B52), Australian National University: PhD. (MFE/B52).
  • Stokes, Bronwyn, Gladys Johnston and Lucy Marshall. 1986 Nyikina-English: a first lexicon. (ASEDA 0472).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Northern side of Roebuck Bay and coast north to Willie Creek, inland for about 15 miles (25 km.) (Tindale 1974). ... around Cable Beach (Broome) and north as far as Willie Creek (Stokes 1982:9).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988): 

Nyanganyatjara (A17 ) in Handbook of Kimberley Languages (1988).

4.8 Jukun / Djugan

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Djugan (Oates, Capell, AIAS, Metcalfe, O'Grady), Djugkan, Djugun (Oates & Oates, Black, Black & Walsh, Tindale), Djukan (Capell), Djurgun (Peile), Dyugan (Kerr), Dyugun (Stokes), Joogan (Bates), Jukan (Bates), Dialect:, Minyirr
Classification of the language:
Nyulnyulan family
Identification codes:
AIAS: K2
Oates 1973: 49.1g
Capell: K6
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Capell - none
Stokes - none
Peile - none
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Fr. P. Bischofs, from about 1900 to 1910, Beagle Bay
Practical orthography:
None in use; the Dampier Land variant of the North Kimberley orthography would be suitable.
Word lists:
Bates (nd); in 1986 Hosokawa collected approximately 260 words in the Minyirr dialect (Hosokawa 1986).
Textual material:
None
Grammar or sketch grammar:
None
Material available on the language:
Bates, D.M. nd. Native vocabularies - Broome district. typescript. Section 12, 2E: 1c, 1d. ANL-MS365-52/105-130, 52-60.
_____ .nd. Native vocabularies - Broome Magisterial District. typescript. Section 12, 2E: 1a.
Bischofs, P.J. 1908. Die Niol-Niol, ein eingeborenenstamm in Nordwest-Australien. Anthropos 3. 32-40.
Hosokawa, K. 1986. Basic wordlist: Jukun. typescript. KLRC.
Nekes, H. & Worms, E.A. 1953. Australian languages. (Micro-Bibliotheca Anthropos, 10) Fribourg: Anthropos-Institut. 1058pp. AIAS MF 4.
Peile, A.R. 1965a. [Letter to A.I.A.S.] Beagle Bay Mission, 30 March, 1965. 2pp. AIAS File 64/14, folio 12.
_____ .1965b. [Letter to A.I.A.S.] Beagle Bay Mission, 27 June 1965. 2pp. AIAS File 64/14, Folio 12.
Stokes, B. 1978-. Field notes: Nyigina. manuscript. AIAS A3 35. (A3a;B1).
Language programme:
None
Language learning material:
None
Literacy material:
None

McGregor, William. 1988 Handbook of Kimberley Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. © Author.

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledge William McGregor for permission to use his material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Arthur Capell
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)NyulnyulanDyugun
Dixon (2002)FITZROY RIVER SUBGROUP*JukunNjigina Stokes (1982), Hosokawa (1991), McCregor (1994) further dialects: Warrwa, Yawuru (or Yawur), Jukun
Wurm (1994)NyulnyulanDyuezun
Walsh (1981)NyulnyulanDyugun
Oates (1975)NjulnjulanDjugan
Wurm (1972)NyulnyulanDjugun (Djugan)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)NyulnyulanDjugun