K3: Nyikina

AIATSIS Code: 
K3
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Nyikina

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Nyikina language
ABS Name
Nyikina
Horton Name
Nyikina
Ethnologue name
Nyigina
ISO 639-3 code
nyh
Tindale name
Njikena
Thesaurus heading
Nyikina language (K3) (WA SE 51-12)
Tindale (1974)
Njigena (valid variant), Nigena, Njigina, Nyigina, Nyi-gini, Njikini (Mangala term), Njigana, Wanji (name for eastern hordes), Tjaba (language name for eastern hordes), Dja:ba, Wanji (Punaba name for eastern Njikena), Yeeda (place name).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Njikena, Njigina, Nyigini
Glottocode
nyig1240
Other sources
Niggene (Yngve Laurell) [Boström 2008:150]
Synonyms
Njigina
Nyigina
Dja:ba
Negena
Nigena
Njigana
Njigena
Njikena
Njikini
Nyegena
Nygina
Nyi gini
Nyigini
Tjaba
Wanji
Yeeda
Niggene
Comment
Language comment
According to Stokes (1982:1), there are two dialects of Nygina (K3): Big Nyigina K66, spoken around Noonkanbah and described as "heavy", and Small Nyigina K65, spoken around Mt Anderson and Liveringa and described as "light". Neither of these is included in this database. McGregor (2010:209) categorises Nyikina as one of the Eastern Nyulnyulan languages, along with Warrwa K10, Yawuru K1 and Jukun K2. He contrasts these with the Western Nyulnyulan languages, Bardi K15, Jawi K16, Jabirrjabirr K8, Nyulnyul K13, Nimanburru K9 and Ngumbarl K4.
References

Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
McGregor, William B. 2010. The semantics, pragmatics and evolution of two verbless negative constructions in Nyulnyul. Oceanic Linguistics 49(1):205-232.
Stokes, Bronwyn. 1982. A description of Nyigina, a language of the West Kimberley, Western Australia (MFE/B52), Australian National University: PhD. (MFE/B52).

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
Small Nyigina, spoken around Mount Anderson and Liveringa, and Big Nyigina, which used to be widely spoken at Noonkanbah (Stokes 1984:3). The general associations were to the drainage of the Fitzroy from just upstream of Noonkanbah. Eastward limit: Nyikina owners in 2007 did not claim territory upstream of Noonkanbah. Nobody had definite information on the affiliation of the area between Noonkanbah and Fitzroy Crossing in 2007. In the 1960s, Walmajarri owners reported Nyardi as the land-language affiliation in this area. Tindale's ascription of Wanji or Tjaba also appears to apply to this area. Northward limit: The Oscar Range and the divide between the Fitzroy and the Meda. Derby is more plausibly associated with Warrwa rather than Nyikina. Westward limit: Nyikina speakers reported Logue River as Nyikina. Nyikina speakers reported Nilli Bubbuca Well and Bulleura OC as the northernmost points of Nyikina country. Nyikina speakers reported Mt Clarkson as Nimanburru. Therefore sources in 2007 and older sources agree that the southern boundary of Nimanburru with Nyikina lay along the drainage divide between the Fraser River drainage – Nimanburru, and the Logue River drainage – Nyikina. This is contrary to Tindale who records the Logue River and Yeeda as Warrwa. Dampier Downs homestead was Nyikina. Southward limit: Geegully Creek and the Edgar Range were associated with Nyikina. Nerrima Creek is also associated with Nyikina (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
12
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 3
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Stokes, Bronwyn. 1982. a description of Nyigina: a language of the West Kimberley, Western Australia, Australian National University: PhD.
Dictionary: 

Stokes, Bronwyn, Gladys Johnston and Lucy Marshall. 1986 Nyikina-English: a first lexicon, ms.

Madjulla Inc, 2014. Birr nganka Nyikina : the source of the Nyikina language with reference to Lower Nyikina. Broome, WA : Madjulla Inc

Programs
Activities: 
Kimberley Language Resource Centre had produced Yajarra Nyikina : an interactive program for teaching an Indigenous language (2001). Nyikina Inc/Madjulla Inc. started the Nyikina language and Culture Project in 2006 in order to train people to teach the Nyikina language.
People: 
Ray Keogh, Nora Kerr, Bronwyn Stokes, Kimberley Language Resource Centre, Jarlmadangah Burru Aboriginal Corporation, Nyikina Inc/Madjulla Inc
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)NyulnyulanNyigina
Dixon (2002)FITZROY RIVER SUBGROUP*NjiginaNjigina Stokes (1982), Hosokawa (1991), McCregor (1994) further dialects: Warrwa, Yawuru (or Yawur), Jukun
Wurm (1994)Nyigina
Walsh (1981)NyulnyulanNyigina
Oates (1975)NjulnjulanNjigina
Wurm (1972)NyulnyulanNyigina
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)NyulnyulanNyigina