L15: Karenggapa

AIATSIS code: 
L15
AIATSIS reference name: 
Karenggapa

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Karenggapa
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Karenggapa
Thesaurus heading language
Karenggapa language L15
Thesaurus heading (old)
Garanggaba language (L15) (NSW SH54-08)
Tindale (1974)
Karengappa, Karrengappa, Kurengappa.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Karrengappa, Kurengappa
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Karengapa [Hercus 1993]
Synonyms
Garanggaba, Karengappa, Karrengappa, Kurengappa, Karengapa
Comment
Comments: 
The identity of this name is not clear: Karenggapa appears to be either an alternative name of Wangkumara L68 or a dialect of Wangkumara. Capell (1963) reports that Garanggaba (L15) is listed by Tindale. Beckett (1958), however, says the name was not recognised by his informants and could be an alternative name for Wonggumara L68 or L25 (?). According to Hercus and Austin (2004:213-14), the people living in the area identified by Tindale as Karenggapa were evidently speakers of a form of Wangkumara. Note that Tindale (1974) gives Reid's word list 'Torrowotto' in Curr (1886-87) as a reference for Karenggapa but this list is identified as Panytjikali D17 by Hercus (1993:11).
References: 
  • Beckett, Jeremy. 1958. Marginal men: a study of two half caste Aborigines. Oceania 29(2):91-108.
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: the author.
  • Hercus, Luise & Peter Austin. 2004. The Yarli languages. In Australian languages: classification and the comparative method, eds Claire Bowern & Harold Koch, 207-222. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential no data
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
QLD
Location information: 
Mount Bygrave and Woodbum Lake, Qld.; Tiboo-burra, N.S.W.; at Yalpunga and Connulpie Downs; on the Bulloo River about Bulloo Lakes; southwest to near Milpa-rinka; east to Therloo Downs (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yotayotic-Banygaranyic Yarli Garanggaba
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Dieric Yalyi Karenggapa