L16: Gungadidji

AIATSIS Code: 
L16
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Gungadidji

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Birria (Kungadutji), Wangkumara (Kungatutji)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kungadutji
Thesaurus heading
Gungadidji language (L16) (Qld SG54-11)
Tindale (1974)
Kungaditji, Kungarditchi, Kunatatchee.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kungaditji, Kungarditchi, Kunatachee
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Kungarditchi [Heagney in Curr 1886] Kungatutyi [Bowern 2001] Kungkatutyi (Schebeck ms) [Austin 1988]
Synonyms
Birria
Kungadutji
Wangkumara
Kungatutji
Bidia
Kulumali
Marulta
Bundamara
Diraila
Jarumarra
Karendala
Mamwura
Ngandangara
Ngurawola
Punthamara
Thiraila
Wankumara
Gongadidji
Gundadidji
Gundadji
Gungadudji
Gunggadudji
Kunatacheel
Kunatatchee
Kungaditji
Kungarditchi
Kungkatuti
Palpakunu
Kunatachee
Comment
Language comment
The name Kungatutji (L16) appears to have been used to refer to two different language varieties, according to Breen (1971:15): that reported by Heagney in Curr (1886-87:374-381) is closely related to Kungkari L38 and Birria L36, while 'modern' Kungatutji is 'almost identical to Punthamara and modern Wangkumara'. Breen (1990:64) later says that Kungardichi (L16) (the one in Curr) is likely not a genuine language name at all as the data appears to be a composite of Pirriya L36 and Kungkari. Breen (1971:18) says that Palpakunu L64 is a Jandruwanda L18 term for the 'Wilson River group of dialects, i.e. Mambangura L20, modern Wangkumara L25 and Kungatutji (L16), Punthamara and others now extinct'. Breen (1967:2) also states that the languages (though he goes on to refer to them as groups) spoken along the Wilson River are identical: Bundhamara (L26), Gungadudji (L16), Wanggumara L25 and Ngandangura L30.
References

Breen, Gavan. 1967. Notes on Wangkumara and Bundhumara [Punthamara]. (MS 119)
Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. Linguistic Communications, vol. 5, pp. 1-88. (p BRE)
Breen, Gavan. 1990. Salvage studies of Western Queensland Aboriginal languages: Pacific Linguistics B-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
Heagney, J. 1886-87. The junction of the Thomson and Barcoo Rivers, also the Whitula Creek. In E.M. Curr (ed.), The Australian race, vol. 2, pp. 374-385.

Status
Potential Data
Location
State
QLD
Location information
Cooper Creek north of Durham Downs; east to Mount Howitt and Kyabra Creek; northwest to near Lake Yamma Yamma (Tindale 1974)
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
3
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word list1 (unclear status
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary) - unclear status
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPKungkari/Pirriya groupGungadidjiKungkari possible further dialect: Gungadidji
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricKapuGungadudji
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricKapuGungadudji
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDiericKarnaKungadutji
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganDiericKarnaKungadutji