L16: Gungadidji

AIATSIS code: 
L16
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gungadidji

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
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Horton name
Birria (Kungadutji), Wangkumara (Kungatutji)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kungadutji
Thesaurus heading language
Gungadidji language L16
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gungadidji language (L16) (Qld SG54-11)
Tindale (1974)
Kungaditji, Kungarditchi, Kunatatchee.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kungaditji, Kungarditchi, Kunatachee
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Kungarditchi [Heagney in Curr 1886] Kungatutyi [Bowern 2001] Kungkatutyi (Schebeck ms) [Austin 1988]
Synonyms
Birria, Kungadutji, Wangkumara, Kungatutji, Bidia, Kulumali, Marulta, Bundamara, Diraila, Jarumarra, Karendala, Mamwura, Ngandangara, Ngurawola, Punthamara, Thiraila, Wankumara, Gongadidji, Gundadidji, Gundadji, Gungadudji, Gunggadudji, Kunatacheel, Kunatatchee, Kungaditji, Kungarditchi, Kungkatuti, Palpakunu, Kunatachee
Comment
Comments: 
The name Kungatutji (L16) appears to have been used to refer to two different language varieties, according to Breen (1971:15): that reported by Heagney in Curr (1886-87:374-381) is closely related to Kungkari L38 and Birria L36, while 'modern' Kungatutji is 'almost identical to Punthamara and modern Wangkumara'. Breen (1990:64) later says that Kungardichi (L16) (the one in Curr) is likely not a genuine language name at all as the data appears to be a composite of Pirriya L36 and Kungkari. Breen (1971:18) says that Palpakunu L64 is a Jandruwanda L18 term for the 'Wilson River group of dialects, i.e. Mambangura L20, modern Wangkumara L25 and Kungatutji (L16), Punthamara and others now extinct'. Breen (1967:2) also states that the languages (though he goes on to refer to them as groups) spoken along the Wilson River are identical: Bundhamara (L26), Gungadudji (L16), Wanggumara L25 and Ngandangura L30.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1967. Notes on Wangkumara and Bundhumara [Punthamara]. (MS 119)
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. Linguistic Communications, vol. 5, pp. 1-88. (p BRE)
  • Breen, Gavan. 1990. Salvage studies of Western Queensland Aboriginal languages: Pacific Linguistics B-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Heagney, J. 1886-87. The junction of the Thomson and Barcoo Rivers, also the Whitula Creek. In E.M. Curr (ed.), The Australian race, vol. 2, pp. 374-385.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Cooper Creek north of Durham Downs; east to Mount Howitt and Kyabra Creek; northwest to near Lake Yamma Yamma (Tindale 1974)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word list1 (unclear status
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary) - unclear status
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPKungkari/Pirriya groupGungadidjiKungkari possible further dialect: Gungadidji
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricKapuGungadudji
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricKapuGungadudji
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDiericKarnaKungadutji
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganDiericKarnaKungadutji