L18: Yandruwandha^

AIATSIS Code: 
L18
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Yandruwandha^

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Yandruwandha
Ethnologue name
Yandruwandha
ISO 639-3 code
ynd
Tindale name
Jandruwanta
Thesaurus heading
Yandruwantha / Yandruwandha language (L18) (SA SH54-02)
Tindale (1974)
Yandruwunta, Yandruwonta, Yantruwanta, Jendru-wonta, Yandra Wandra, Yandrawontha, Yanderawantha, Yantowannta, Jandruwalda (valid alternative), Yandu-wulda, Endawarra, Innamouka (poor version of place name, Innamincka).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yandruwunta, Yantruwunta, Jendruwonta, Yandrawontha, Yanderawartha, Yanduwulda, Endawarra
Glottocode
yand1253
Other sources
Biraliba [Beckett 1958, Breen 1971]
Synonyms
Yandruwanhdha
Thayipilthirringuda
Biralipa
Endawarra
Gandruwanda
Innamouka
Jandrawanda
Jandruwalda
Jandruwanda
Jandruwanta
Jandruwunta
Janduruwanda
Jendruwonta
Ngurunta
Yanderawantha
Yanderawartha
Yandra Wandra
Yandrawontha
Yandrinwantha
Yandruwanda
Yandruwanta
Yandruwonta
Yandruwunta
Yanduwulda
Yantowannta
Yantruwanta
Yantruwunta
Biraliba
Jendru wonta
Yandu wulda
Comment
Language comment
According to Breen (2004:1), the Yandruwandha form part of a larger set speaking dialects of the same language and living in the Lakes Country of north-eastern South Australia. There are several dialect or tribal names recorded, among which Breen lists Nhirrpi L46, Yawarrawarrka L23, Matja L47, Parlpamardramardra L45 and Ngananhina L48 as provided by his informants. Breen uses Yandruwandha as a cover term for the whole language. That is, Yandruwandha is used as a both language name and a dialect name. The extent of Yandruwandha is uncertain. Breen's (2004) map places it largely within South Australia with an eastern edge in Queensland. Bowern's (2001) map has Yandruwandha extending into both Queensland and New South Wales. Consequently, in this database Yandruwandha is tentatively treated as a language of South Australia, New South Wales and Queensland. Mathews' (1905:51-2) comments lend support to a Queensland connection; he says that Wonkamurra, Kullalli, Bunthamurra, Yanderwantha and Yowerwarrika are a 'community, or nation' and they all speak 'dialects of the same language'. However, it is not clear which variety of 'Wonkamurra', 'Kullali' and 'Bunthamurra' he refers to. Yandruwandha is used in a language revitalisation program in Bourke (Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:291).
References

Bowern, Claire. 2001. Karnic classification revisited. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 245-261. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Breen, Gavan. 2004. Innamincka Talk: a grammar of the Innamincka dialect of Yandruwandha with notes on other dialects: Pacific Linguistics 558. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1905. Ethnological notes on the Aboriginal tribes of Queensland. Royal Geographical Society of A/Asia, Queensland Branch -- Proceedings 20:49-75.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
SA
NSW
QLD
Location information
South of Cooper Creek from Innamincka to Car-raweena; on Strzelecki Creek (Tindale 1974). (This covers a part of the Parlpamardramardra dialect of Yandruwandha.)
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
----
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listMedium (100-200 pages)3
Text CollectionMedium (100-200 pages)3
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Breen, Gavan. 2004. Innamincka talk: a grammar of the Innamincka dialect of Yandruwandha with notes on other dialects: Pacific Linguistics 558. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Dictionary: 
Breen, Gavan. 2004. Innamincka Words: Yandruwandha dictionary and stories; Pacific Linguistics 559. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Programs
Activities: 
The radio station associated with the Muda Aoriginal Corporation broadcast programs in Yandruwanndha (McConvell & Thieberger 2001 as cited in Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:285).
People: 
Gavan Breen, Geoffrey Gregory, Luise Hercus, Bernhard Schebeck,
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicKarnaYandruwandha
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPCentral Lake Eyre Basin areal groupYandruwanhdhaYandruwanhdha further dialects: Yawarrawarrka, Nhirrpi, Parlpa-Mardramardra, Matja
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicYandruwandha
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicDiyari/KarnaYandruwandha
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicKarnaYandruwandha
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDiericKarnaYandruwanta
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganDiericKarnaJandruwanta