L19: Dhiraila

AIATSIS code: 
L19
AIATSIS reference name: 
Dhiraila

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Wangkumara (Diraila/Thiraila)
Ethnologue name
Ngura [Dhiraila]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Thereila
Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
Diraila / Dhiraila language (L19) (Qld SH54-03)
Tindale (1974)
Thiralla, Mambanjura (language name), Mamban-yura, Mambangura, Mamwura, Ngandangura (of a Kalali informant, but see Ngandangara).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Thiralla
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Dira-ila (Beckett) [Breen 1971]
Synonyms
Ngura, Tereila, Thiralla, Mambanjura, Mamban yura, Mambangura, Mamwura, Ngandangura
Comment
Comments: 
Breen (1971) says this name was unknown to the writer's informants but was given to Beckett as Dira-ila. Foott's word list 'Nockatoonga, Wilson River' in Curr (1886) may be of this language. Tindale (1973:185) mentions Breen's note that Dhiraila appears to be 'the tribe that speaks Mamwura or Mambanjura' L20. Oates and Oates (1970) list Wettengel ('Die Grammatik der Aranda-Sprache') as a source of data for Dhiraila but this item presents data from Aranda C8, Diyari L17 and Ramindjeri S2 (identified by the name 'Encounter Bay') only. Based on the information available, Dhiraila is unlikely to be a language name. Accordingly it is not included as a language heading in the Thesaurus.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. Linguistic Communications, vol. 5, pp. 1-88. (p BRE)
  • Foott, T.W. 1886-87. Nockatoonga, Wilson River. In E.M. Curr (ed.), The Australian race, vol. 2, pp. 34-35.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
South from Nockatunga and Noccundra to Grey Range; on Dingera Creek; west to Bransby and lower Warrywarry Creek (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraNgura [Dhiraila]Ngura [dialects: Punthamara (Bundhamara), Kalali (Galali, Garlali), Wongkumara (Wangkumara, Wangumarra), Badjiri, Bidjara, Dhiraila, Garandala, Mambangura, Mingbari, Ngurawarla, Yarumarra. Walsh list the dialects as separate languages.]
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicDhiraila
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraDhiraila
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraDhiraila
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDiericNguraTereila (Diraila)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganDiericNguraTereila