L1: Narungga

AIATSIS code: 
L1
AIATSIS reference name: 
Narungga

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Narungga
Horton name
Narangga
Ethnologue name
Narungga
ISO 639-3 code
nnr
Tindale name
Narangga
Thesaurus heading language
Narungga language L1
Thesaurus heading (old)
Narangga / Narrunga language (L1) (SA SI53-12)
Tindale (1974)
Narrangga, Narranga, Narrang-gu, Narrang-u, Nar-anga (Ngadjuri term), Narunga, Adjadura (['ngadja 'tura] 'my people'), Adjahdurah, Turra, Wallaroo tribe (a horde), Murinandji (eastern and Ngadjuri name for the tribe). Moor-in-nunjie.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Naranga, Nanunga, Narranga, Narranggu, Narrangu, Adjahdurah, Turra
Glottocode
naru1238
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Narangka, Narangga, Adjabdurah, Adjadura, Adjahdurah, Adjahdural, Moor in nunjie, Murinandji, Nanunga, Naranga, Narrang gu, Narrang u, Narranga, Narrangga, Narranggu, Narrangu, Narunga, Narrunga, Turra, Wallaroo tribe, Nar anga
Comment
Comments: 

Narangga is a member of the Thura-Yura L63 sub-group of Pama-Nyungan. Other members include Kaurna L3Ngadjuri L5Nukunu L4; Barngala L6Adnyamathanha L10Kuyani L9Nauo L2 and Wirangu C1, which exhibits some differences with the Thura-Yura languages. One particular cultural-linguistic feature uniquely Thura-Yura is the use of ten birth-order names. Another are the regular pronoun forms unique to the sub-group (Simpson & Hercus 2004:179).

References: 
  • Eira, Christina. 2010. Fragments of Budderer's waddy: a new Narungga grammar. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1992. A Nukunu dictionary. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, The Faculties, Australian National University.
  • Mobile Language Team. <https://www.mobilelanguageteam.com.au/languages/narungga>, viewed 3rd October 2019..
  • Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Simpson, J & L Hercus. 2004. Thura-Yura as a subgroup, in (Bowern & Koch eds) Australian Languages : classification and the comparative method. Amsterdam/Philadelphia : John Benjamins.

  • Sutton, T.M. 1887. The Adjahdurah tribe of Aborigines on Yorke's Peninsula: some of their early customs and traditions. Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, South Australian Branch Proceedings, vol. 2, pp. 17-19. (p SUT)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
Location information: 

Yorke Peninsula; north to Port Broughton; east to Hummock Range; at Bute, Wallaroo, Ardrossan, Marion Bay, and Cape Spencer. Four named hordes are known (Tindale 1974).

Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 

The South Australian Education Dept produced a teacher's guide in 1988. Ngarrindjeri, Narrunga and Kaurna Languages Project made a tape with songs (1990). Narungga People's Language Project and Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association have been running language programs and making resources (2006). The Narungga Language Teaching Program was launched in October 2008. The partnership between Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association (NAPA), local schools and the Department of Education and Children's Services (DECS) resulted in the development of a structured curriculum and resources and the involvement of Narungga people in the teaching of the language in schools (Eira 2010:18). The Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association is planning to establish a community resource centre to encourage the use and learning of the Narungga language outside school hours by adults and children (Eira 2010:18).

People: 
Christina Eira, Catherine Ellis, Tania Wanganeen, Guy Tunstill
Indigenous organisations: 

Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association
18 Caroline Street Maitland SA 5573
(08) 8834 2125:

Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates0
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census24
2011Census46
2016Census25

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 

Wanganeen, Tania and Eira, Christina. 2006. The fragments of Budderer's waddy: a new Narungga grammar resource. Adelaide: Wakefield Press.

Eira, Christina. 2010. Fragments of Budderer's waddy: a new Narungga grammar. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 

Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association. 2006. Nharangga Warra: Narungga dictionary. Maitland, S.A.: Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association. Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association. 2006. Guungagu Nharangga Warra: Children's Narungga dictionary. Maitland, S.A.: Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Yura Narungga Narungga [dialects: Adjabdurah (Adjahdurah), Turra.]
Dixon (2002)   SPENCER GULF BASIN AREAL GROUP   Narangka Kadli Teichelmann and Schürmann (1840) dialects: Kaurna, Nantuwara, Ngadjuri, Narangka, Nukunu
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Narungga  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Yura Narungga  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Southern Western Desert Type Yura Narangga  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Yura Narangga  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Yura Narangga