L1: Narungga

AIATSIS Code: 
L1
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Narungga

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Narungga
Horton Name
Narangga
Ethnologue name
Narungga
ISO 639-3 code
nnr
Tindale name
Narangga
Thesaurus heading
Narangga / Narrunga language (L1) (SA SI53-12)
Tindale (1974)
Narrangga, Narranga, Narrang-gu, Narrang-u, Nar-anga (Ngadjuri term), Narunga, Adjadura (['ngadja 'tura] 'my people'), Adjahdurah, Turra, Wallaroo tribe (a horde), Murinandji (eastern and Ngadjuri name for the tribe). Moor-in-nunjie.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Naranga, Nanunga, Narranga, Narranggu, Narrangu, Adjahdurah, Turra
Glottocode
naru1238
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Narangka
Narangga
Adjabdurah
Adjadura
Adjahdurah
Adjahdural
Moor in nunjie
Murinandji
Nanunga
Naranga
Narrang gu
Narrang u
Narranga
Narrangga
Narranggu
Narrangu
Narunga
Narrunga
Turra
Wallaroo tribe
Nar anga
Comment
Language comment
Nharangka (L1) is a member of the Thuṛa-Miṛu family (from words meaning 'man'), specifically the Miṛu group consisting of Kaurna L3, Nukunu L4 and Ngadjuri L5. Existing data indicate Nharangka was particularly closely related to the neighbouring Nukunu L4. Hercus writes the Thuṛa-Miṛu group branches into Thuṛa, Parnkalla L6 and Miṛu. Thuṛa varieties include Adnyamathanha L10 and Kuyani L9. (Hercus, 1992:2). It is not clear whether there are dialects of Narungga. The Ethnologue lists Adjabdurah (Adjahdurah) and Turra (see above) as dialects of Narungga. This is perhaps based on Oates and Oates (1970) who list Adjabdurah, Adjahdurah and Turra as ‘subgroups’. Writing in the 19th century, Sutton says that Adjahdurah is the name of ‘the tribe on the Yorke’s Peninsula’ and that a member of the group is called a Durah, which suggests that Adjahdurah and Turra are not distinct groups (1887:1). Sutton goes on to describe four local divisions: Koornarrah (north), Winderah (east), Dilpah (south) and Warree (west), each with its own totems, though he does not mention dialects. In her grammar, Eira (2010:20) notes potential corroborating evidence of a (northern/southern) dialectal division reported by some community members, though she emphasises the uncertainty, and no dialect names are reported.
References

Eira, Christina. 2010. Fragments of Budderer's waddy: a new Narungga grammar. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Hercus, Luise Anna. 1992. A Nukunu dictionary. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, The Faculties, Australian National University.
Mobile Language Team. <http://www.mobilelanguageteam.com.au/languages/narungga>, viewed 13 May 2016.
Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Sutton, T.M. 1887. The Adjahdurah tribe of Aborigines on Yorke's Peninsula: some of their early customs and traditions. Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, South Australian Branch Proceedings, vol. 2, pp. 17-19. (p SUT)
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
SA
Location information
Yorke Peninsula; north to Port Broughton; east to Hummock Range; at Bute, Wallaroo, Ardrossan, Marion Bay, and Cape Spencer. Four named hordes are known (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
9
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 
Wanganeen, Tania and Eira, Christina. 2006. The fragments of Budderer's waddy: a new Narungga grammar resource. Adelaide: Wakefield Press. Eira, Christina. 2010. Fragments of Budderer's waddy: a new Narungga grammar. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Dictionary: 
Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association. 2006. Nharangga Warra: Narungga dictionary. Maitland, S.A.: Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association. Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association. 2006. Guungagu Nharangga Warra: Children’s Narungga dictionary. Maitland, S.A.: Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association.
Programs
Activities: 
The South Australian Education Dept produced a teacher's guide in 1988. Ngarrindjeri, Narrunga and Kaurna Languages Project made a tape with songs (1990). Narungga People's Language Project and Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association have been running language programs and making resources (2006). The Narungga Language Teaching Program was launched in October 2008. The partnership between Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association (NAPA), local schools and the Department of Education and Children’s Services (DECS) resulted in the development of a structured curriculum and resources and the involvement of Narungga people in the teaching of the language in schools (Eira 2010:18). The Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association is planning to establish a community resource centre to encourage the use and learning of the Narungga language outside school hours by adults and children (Eira 2010:18).
People: 
Christina Eira, Catherine Ellis, Tania Wanganeen, Guy Tunstill
Indigenous organisations: 
Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association
18 Caroline Street Maitland SA 5573
(08) 8834 2125:
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestYuraNarunggaNarungga [dialects: Adjabdurah (Adjahdurah), Turra.]
Dixon (2002)SPENCER GULF BASIN AREAL GROUPNarangkaKadli Teichelmann and Schürmann (1840) dialects: Kaurna, Nantuwara, Ngadjuri, Narangka, Nukunu
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNarungga
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestYuraNarungga
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganSouthern Western Desert TypeYuraNarangga
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)YuraNarangga
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestYuraNarangga