L30: Ngandangara

AIATSIS code: 
L30
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngandangara

tabs_horizontal

Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec (Ngandangara)
Horton name
Wangkumara (Ngandangara)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ngandangara
Thesaurus heading language
Ngandangara language L30
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ngandangara language (L30) (Qld SG54-12)
Tindale (1974)
Ngandangura, Jarumarda (language name), Unda Gnoora, Eromarra.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Eromarra
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Jarumarra [Breen 1971] Yarrumada [Breen 2007 p.c.]
Synonyms
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, Wangkumara, Bundamara, Diraila, Jarumarra, Karendala, Kungatutji, Mamwura, Ngurawola, Punthamara, Thiraila, Wankumara, Ngandangura, Jarumarda, Unda Gnoora, Eromarra
Comment
Comments: 
Tindale (1974) treats Ngandangara as the name of a group whose language is Jarumarra L56. However, according to Breen (2007 p.c.) Ngandangara and Jarumarra are distinct varieties which are in a dialectal relationship with Wangkumara L25. Bowern (2001:248) also treats Ngandangara as being very closely related to Wangkumara L25. Breen (1971:18) says that Palpakunu L64 is a Jandruwanda L18 term for the 'Wilson River group of dialects, i.e. Mambangura L20, modern Wangkumara L25 and Kungatutji L16, Punthamara and others now extinct'. Breen (1967:2) also states that the languages (though he goes on to refer to them as tribes) spoken along the Wilson River are identical: Bundhamara (L26), Gungadudji L16, Wanggumara L25 and Ngandangura (L30).
References: 
  • Bowern, Claire. 2001. Karnic classification revisited. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 245-261. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Breen, Gavan. 1967. Notes on Wangkumara and Bundhumara [Punthamara]. (MS 119)
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. Linguistic Communications, vol. 5, pp. 1-88. (p BRE)
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential no data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
On upper Wilson River; north to Eromanga and beyond toward Thylungra and Ray; south to Nockatunga. This is one of the easternmost of the circumcising tribes (Tindale 1974). Upper Wilson River; north to Eromanga and beyond; south to Nockatunga (Capell 1963:L.38).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate?0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDiericNguraNgandangara
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Ngandangara