L33: Marula

AIATSIS code: 
L33
AIATSIS reference name: 
Marula

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Birria (Marulta)
Ethnologue name
Dieri [Marrula]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Marulta
Thesaurus heading language
Marrulha language L33
Thesaurus heading (old)
Marulda / Marula language (L33) (Qld SG54-07)
Tindale (1974)
Marula
O'Grady et al (1966)
Manula
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Marrula [Breen 1971]
Synonyms
Marrulha, Marrula, Dieri, Marulta
Comment
Comments: 
Breen (2006 p.c.) concludes Marrulha (L33), Mithaka L34 and Marunuda L49 are the same language, but he does not know whether they are alternative names or distinct varieties (dialects) of the same language.
References: 
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
At Lake Barrolka; south to Lake Yamma Yamma; west to Beal Range; northeast toward Opalville and Cooper Creek; eastern boundary uncertain (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicKarnaDieri [Marrula]Dieri [dialects: Related to Garuwali, Marrula, Midhaga, Yarluyandi, all of which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPCentral Lake Eyre Basin areal groupMarrulha (or Marrula)Midhaga further dialects: Karruwali, Marrulha (or Marrula)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicMarrula
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicDiyari/KarnaMarrula
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicKarnaMarulta
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDiericKarnaMarulta
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganDiericKarnaMarulta